Essay Title: 

12 Angry men

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in psychology, social sciences

The assigned task is to come to a unanimous vote , Guilty or Not Guilty which will decide the fate of the accused , either setting him free or condemning him to death . The resulting problem of the task is that all 12 must agree to the fate of the accused after a complex , long , tiring trial

The primary form of leadership was emergent . Juror 10 and Juror 3 each led the group in the crusade to unanimously vote Guilty . Juror 8 stood alone in the beginning , but he led the group through a discussion [banner_entry_middle]

br of the facts , to the eventual unanimous vote of Not Guilty . The only designated leader of a jury is the Foreman , but that is just for voting purposes

The text defines decision-making as a choice between two alternatives (p . 203 . The Guilty /Not Guilty voting is an example of this . Problem-solving is defined as a process of developing a solution to a problem (p .203 . One problem-solving techniques used in this movie was Task Clarification , as when Juror 8 repeatedly reminds the others that their decision to convict would put the kid in the electric chair The jurors also participated in Fact Finding and Solution Suggestions when they tried to review all the facts presented by the witnesses and offer alternatives to the witnesses ‘ perspectives . Once the problem-solving techniques began to catch on , the discussions became more animated , all facts ‘ were analyzed , and the decision flowed naturally

The most obvious stereotyping in the film was of the defendant ‘s race There were also stereotypes of the elderly . Statements included Human life don ‘t mean as much to them [Spanish-Americans] as it does to us ‘ and , .it would have meant bullying and badgering a helpless old man ‘ The stereotypes were used by many jurors as a means to help them come to an initial decision , a gut feeling , and to justify a Guilty verdict , as if the boy ‘s race proves his guilt

The main conflict presented by the film is between Jurors 3 and 10 with Juror 8 . Jurors 3 and 10 perceive an Illusion of Unanimity , and are upset by Juror 8 ‘s dissent

Verbal behaviors that escalated conflict included stereotypical negative judgments of the defendant and the witnesses , as well as disparaging remarks about some of the jurors . Nonverbal behaviors that escalated conflict included excited , almost violent movements and ignoring each other . Some communication barriers included a generational gap , close-mindedness , and a lack of empathy

Groupthink was present throughout the film , primarily by the large number of relatively silent jurors . Initially they voted Guilty as a way to hurry to a decision so they could all go home . Then , they succumbed to the Pressure on Dissent from Jurors 10 and 3 , who also participated in Rationalizations and the Illusion of Unanimity

Because the jurors are all anonymous , legitimate and expert power could not be utilized . Some jurors gave Jurors 10 , 3 , and 8 referent power and Jurors 10 and 3 attempted coercive power

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