Essay Title: 

Affimative action

March 22, 2016 | Author: | Posted in african-american studies, history

Views on Affirmative Action

Affirmative action are a collection of policies and procedures designed to overcome past racial , ethnic , gender , and disability discrimination was one outcome of the civil rights movement of the 1960s . Affirmative action was based on the belief that merely outlawing discrimination was not enough to correct past discriminatory practices , society should take steps that would ensure racial and gender equity and balance in all aspects of society

There are many political views about affirmative action . Libertarian thinkers argue that employers have a moral right to choose their [banner_entry_middle]

own workers , using whatever criteria they wish . A more common libertarian argument is that social and economic benefits should be distributed on the basis of colorblind principles of entitlement , merit and personal fault . In liberal academic and intellectual circles , opponents of affirmative action have questioned the coherence of the idea that blacks as a group are entitled to merit or deserve affirmative action as compensation or reparations for past wrongdoing (Sher , 1997 . Genuine corrective justice , some philosophers say , is both causal and relational . That is , when an injury occurs , the person who caused that injury must personally pay his or her victim . On the other hand conservative critics of affirmative action have pointed to the overwhelming consensus on requirements of color blindness shown in these debates to prove that affirmative action policy , in the controversial race-conscious form it developed in the 1970s , violated the Civil Rights Act itself . Conservative ideologies seek to eliminate entitlement programs that benefit the poor by tapping into both the racism that has become increasingly legitimate since the Reagan administration and the fear engendered by the growing scarcity of jobs and economic opportunity (Stein , 1995 . Social democrats , like D .S . Hook (1987 ) attacks affirmative action as the immoral practice of reverse discrimination (p . 350 . Although most Americans say they believe that minorities and women deserve a truly equal chance at jobs and other opportunities , they also say they worry that aggressive affirmative action programs will discriminate against more qualified males , an outcome that is called reverse discrimination

Proponents of affirmative action believe that individuals who have been denied educational , economic , and social advantages cannot be expected to compete for admission to college or for jobs with the advantaged majority . They reason that giving special consideration to such individuals is the only fair approach . On the other hand , opponents of affirmative action claim that places in college and jobs should go to the most prepared students , regardless of race , ethnicity , or gender . I think there are some parts of affirmative action policies that need to be changed in for it to become equitable to all individuals and not just the minority . Thus , the government should propose a win-win solution to resolve the affirmative action debate

References

Hook , D .S (1987 . Out of Step : An Unquiet Life in the Twentieth Century , New York : Harper Row

Sher , George (1997 . Approximate Justice : Studies in Non-Ideal Theory Lanham : Rowman Littlefield

Stein , N (1995 . Affirmative Action and the Persistence of… [banner_entry_footer]

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