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Bilingual Aphasia

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in education

Bilingual Aphasia 1

Bilingual Aphasia : Its Implications in the Structure of Language in the Brain

Bilingual Aphasia 2

Bilingual Aphasia : Its Implications in the Structure of Language in the Brain

Nowadays , most people in the world know more than one language , thus bilingual aphasia is an important line of research . Bilingual Aphasia has brought interests into the field of linguistics especially because of its contribution to languages research in providing explanations for the organization of distinct languages in the brain . The implications of bilingual aphasia , specifically on determining what [banner_entry_middle]

are missing or misplaced inside a bilingual ‘s brain shares importance with determining how different languages are structured in the brain

Aphasia , which is the loss of language ability , can take in many forms Although there are no names for every form of aphasia , two common forms are popular the Broca ‘s and Wernicke ‘s Aphasia . Another form of aphasia , which has grown popularity for research , is Bilingual aphasia According to current linguistic , psychological , and neurolinguistic approaches , the term bilingual ‘ refers to all people who use two or more languages or dialects in their everyday lives (Grosjean 1994 Thus , bilinguals have two languages at their command . They can speak one or the other and understand either at any time . Hence , bilingual aphasia may happen to a speaker of multiple languages . In bilingual aphasia , the speaker often experiences different disabilities for each language . An example is when one subject , who reportedly spoke Chinese French , English and Spanish , suffered different impairments in each language . He experienced Broca ‘s aphasia for English , Wernicke ‘s aphasia for Spanish and a mixture of both types of aphasia for Chinese and French . Therefore , bilingual aphasics have been reported to lose some of their linguistic abilities selectively , as well as the ability to

translate in either direction or in both (Paradis , 1998

Bilingual Aphasia 3

With the advances in modern technology , man has started to glimpse into the working brain , which has also led to substantial insights concerning the processing of language in the brain . At the end of the 19th century , a French physician named Paul Broca laid the foundation of the study concerning the processing of language in the brain . He was the first to notice that a lesion in a certain brain region , which was later named Broca`s area , causes a loss of language , or aphasia . Shortly thereafter , a German researcher called Wernicke discovered another brain area , later named Wernicke`s area , whose destruction results in a complete loss of language comprehension . He was also the first to find a pathway or connection between these two language centers and predicted that it could be affected separately by brain damage . Today , most of what is known about language in the brain is gained through the study of language diss due to brain damage , called aphasiology . The Wernicke ‘s area is said to be responsible for language comprehension while Broca ‘s area for expressive speech (Doell , 1998

There have been experimental studies , which basically tried to answer the… [banner_entry_footer]

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