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Book review for Black Studies Course

March 23, 2016 | Author: | Posted in asian studies, history

Sudan in Crisis : The Failure of Democracy ‘ by Norman G . Anderson

Norman G . Anderson in his book Sudan in Crisis : The Failure of Democracy ‘ focuses on the period from May 1986 to June 1989 during which a promising North African democracy brought its own overthrow by Islamic militants that resulted from its inability to solve domestic and foreign problems . Sudan received its independence in 1956 and since then attempted to establish a democratic form of government . Norman G Anderson , a former American ambassador in Sudan , tells the story behind the failure and [banner_entry_middle]

attempts to explain the causes The major reason of the failure , as stated by the author , is the lack of coherent government followed by the political fragmentation that resulted from alliances between tribes , political fractions , religious s , and military outside states . As a result of the civil war neighbouring states were intervening with the regional processes whereas population displacement resulting from the war contributed to the level of fragmentation and intervention . As the choice of regional alliances was complicated , it further contributed to fragmentation Finally , religious issues between North and South , Arabs and Africans Muslims and Christians stimulated the tensions between government and the local fragmented alliances . Even though Norman G . Anderson never brings up the issue explicitly throughout the book , Sudanese democracy failed because of the lack of unity among the people . Eventually , it becomes doubtful whether elections can create a strong body politic Sudan ‘s electoral system was also at fault . Dominated by northern religious sects voting as blocs , it produced simply another generation of the same type of leaders who had bungled Sudan ‘s first two democratic experiments (Anderson , 1999 , pp . 247

Among other issues , Norman G . Anderson focuses on religious and ethnic antagonisms , political instability , economic deterioration , Libyan terrorists and their influence on the forming democracy . Essentially the book gives an overview of the politics of personalities , which is what should be expected considering the occupation of the author , as diplomacy is essentially the skill of reading behind the gestures and lines . The analysis of politics in Sudan is based on the account of al-Mahdi ‘s actions and decisions , democratically elected Prime Minister of Sudan . Anderson points out on the shortcomings of the too personality focused of the Prime Minister of Sudan . A lot of hope was placed on the newly elected Sadiq al-Mahdi , whereas he never succeeded in his beginnings . There were numerous attempts to bring the civil war to an end . The situation was so bad , that government had to accept humanitarian assistance in to resolve the situation with the famine in the country . Eventually , Sudan managed to replace the traditional alignment with Egypt and Saudi Arabia in to develop the political alliances with Libya and Iran

The book is divided into 8 sections from the perspective of United States relationship with Sudan . Division of the book is not conducted in terms of the analysis , but rather from the chronological perspective on the events . The subsections within the 8 major… [banner_entry_footer]

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