Essay Title: 

Brown vs. Board of Education

March 20, 2016 | Author: | Posted in education, pedagogy

The Impact of Brown vs . Board of Education

Introduction

All throughout America , racial segregation in public educational institutions was considered a norm in the early 1950 ‘s . Even though all the public schools in a particular district were meant to be equal , the majority of black schools were far inferior when compared to their white counterparts

But this would all be changed in 1954 because of the story of Linda Brown who lived in Topeka , Kansas . Linda was a black third-grader who had to walk one mile by way of a [banner_entry_middle]

railroad switchyard to go to her black elementary school , although a white elementary school was just seven blocks away from her home . Oliver Brown , Linda ‘s father , attempted to register Linda in the white elementary school however , the principal of the school declined . Thus , Oliver sought the help of McKinley Burnett the head of Topeka ‘s branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP . The group was more than willing to help the Browns since it had long aimed to confront the issue of segregation in public schools . The NAACP thought that with the Brown ‘s protest , it had the right plaintiff at the right time (Knappman , 1994 In the year 1951 , other black parents united with Brown , and so the NAACP asked for a ruling that would prohibit the segregation of Topeka ‘s public schools (Knappman , 1994

During the trial on June 25-26 , 1951 , the NAACP contended that segregated schools conveyed the message to black children that they were inferior compared to whites consequently , the schools were essentially unequal . One of the expert witnesses , Dr . Hugh W . Speer asserted that if the black children are robbed of the experience in school of merging with white children , who account for around 90 percent of our national society in which these black children should reside , then the black child ‘s curriculum is being extremely restricted (Knappman , 1994

However , according to the Board of Education ‘s defense , since segregation in Topeka and somewhere else encompassed several other facets of life , segregated schools merely groomed black children for the segregation they would deal with when they become adults . Moreover , the board likewise contended that segregated schools were not inevitably damaging to black children and that great African Americans like George Washington Carver , Booker T . Washington , and Frederick Douglass had prevailed over more than just segregated schools to attain what they attained (Knappman , 1994

Because of these arguments , the call for an injunction placed the court in a hard and complex decision because on the one hand , the judges concurred with the expert witnesses since in their decision they wrote that segregation of white and black children in public educational institutions has a damaging effect upon the black children . Hence , a feeling of inferiority influences the motivation of the student to learn

The precedent of Plessy v . Ferguson , on the other hand , enabled separate but equal school systems for both whites and blacks , and no Supreme Court decision had… [banner_entry_footer]

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