Essay Title: 

Classics

March 19, 2016 | Author: | Posted in advanced art, art

The Athenian definition of liberty ‘ was , in private matters living as one s ‘ and in public matters , ruling and being ruled in turn ‘ The political landscape of Athens was not defined by a written document . According to Aristotle ‘s Politics , the Athenian constitution was the structure of the political system . The layout and system break down given by Aristotle in Politics ‘ gives an accurate explanation of how the political system of Athens was developed , how it worked , and the consequences for violating the system . However his view of the system and its [banner_entry_middle]

effectiveness may be skewed by his own opinions

It is very interesting to note that the Athenian constitution draws it ‘s origin from warfare . According to Aristotle it was not a militaristic system . The highest ranking military men didn ‘t rule or make the decisions . The three classes of Athenian society are listed in Politics ‘ as the Horseman , the Yokemen , and the Menials The classes were separated by rather simplistic methods . The Horsemen were able to afford horses , the Yokemen couldn ‘t so employed oxen and the Menials couldn ‘t afford either and were forced to be hired for work rather than being independently wealthy like the Horsemen or own their own businesses like the Yokemen . Aristotle explains that these three classes contributed to the rise of democracy in Athens in two ways first , members of the ruling class (the Horsemen ) found it useful to grant the lower classes political rights . This gained them popularity with the lower classes and support for their own clandestine agendas against other members of the ruling class . Secondly , Athens as a nation was dependent on its navy and therefore on the menials as the rowers who manned the naval vessels . This gave a great amount of leverage to the menial class

As with other government systems or organizations the Athenian state was divided into legislative , judicial , and executive branches . The legislative branch was divided into two separate bodies known as the Council of 500 and the Assembly of 6000 . Neither of these bodies consisted of elected officials , but officials selected by lots or sortition according to Aristotle . These selections were completely random because the Athenians believed that elections were anti-democratic . Aristotle explains that for a person to be elected he must be well known or famous already . This would give an unfair advantage to an already prominent person during the election . Thus the random selection process enables a completely democratic system . The Council was used to prepare the business for the Assembly which met less often . All major decisions were made by the Assembly of which all every male member of Athenian society was a part . This was done because the Athenians did not trust the politicians . The Assembly made all the important decisions , but not everyone in the Assembly was as active a participant as some . Speakers or Rhetors would address and speak about issues that had been called to vote . The explanation of this branch of the Athenian government is… [banner_entry_footer]

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