Essay Title: 

Computers and Information Systems

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in it management, technology

Computers and Information Systems

The integration of information technology to healthcare or health informatics has revolutionized the system in the United States , which continues to face high cost of treatment and where many Americans still feel not satisfied with the delivery of health services . The country spends 16 percent of its Gross Domestic Product on healthcare and is expected to grow by 18 .4 percent or 3 .4 trillion in 2013 . With the adoption of computer technology , both the government and health providers see an efficient and cost-effective healthcare system that [banner_entry_middle]

will be patient-centered . As the technology now being introduced , a number of trends are slowly developing . In the 2002 Journal of American Health Information Management Association , Paul Wing and Edward Salsberg identified 11 trends that will grow along with the use of technology However , the most significant influence and critical on today ‘s health information system is the establishment of a patient ‘s electronic health record (EHR , a move towards a less records

To show how vital this is in improving the healthcare system , U .S President George Bush in April 26 , 2004 declared that within the next 10 years all Americans will have their medical records electronically encrypted for easy access by patients and physicians . EHR has been considered an important technology where all other technological trends follow since it will serve as a basis for treatment , diagnosis and other health services . It is widely believed to be dependable in delivering premium health care . At present , studies reveal that the use of EHR is concentrated mostly in large health institutions and that smaller ones are unlikely to practice the innovation because of the high cost of implementation and maintenance . Although the use of electronic health records is limited in healthcare , there is a renewed conviction by the government , provider groups , and healthcare purchasers that widespread adoption is critical to the delivery of consistent , high-quality care (Shekelle , Morton , Keeler , 2006 ,

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EHR is a snapshot of a patient ‘s health data which include personal and demographic information , emergency contacts , insurance medications /allergies , immunizations , labs /tests hospitalization /surgeries , care plans , and a list of other health problems . This will enable physicians and other health care professionals to monitor the patient ‘s heath status , expedite referrals to specialists , store and retrieve patient ‘s medical records from different locations , and computerize the ing of prescriptions Recognizing the importance of having relevant information available to patients for management of their medical conditions , David Brailer national coordinator for health information technology in the Department of Health and Human Services , has made personal health records a cornerstone in the national strategy for health information technology (Endsley , Kibbe , Linares Colorafi , 2006 ,

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In practice , EHR improves the following : documentation , access to patient ‘s records , office productivity , and communication between patients and physicians . In addition , it also reduces the risk of medical errors . Among the benefits of such records include the empowerment of patients by getting them educated and involved in their treatment , increased… [banner_entry_footer]

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