Essay Title: 

CORE ISSUES IN SOCIAL THEORY 1 (SOCIOLOGY) hOW DOES DURKHEIM DISTINGUISH HIS SOCIOLOGICAL METHOD FROM THE METHODOLOGY OF PSYCHOLOGY

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in social sciences, sociology

: HOW DOES DURKHEIM DISTINGUISH HIS SOCIOLOGICAL METHOD FROM THE METHODOLOGY OF PSYCHOLOGY

Introduction

This seeks to answer the discuss and analyze how does Durkheim distinguish his sociological method from the methodology of psychology . This will evaluate the basis of his claim on the basis of evidence available

Analysis and Discussion

Meyer (1999 ) is his essay An Essay in the Philosophy of Social Science ‘ has quoted Durkheim ‘s attempted distinction of Sociological method and methodology of Psychology in terms of what as to what constitutes social reality . The author way [banner_entry_middle]

of introducing the concept has a background on his philosophical inquiry on whether scientific knowledge accords reality . The requirement of reality according to Meyer (1999 ) is verifiable by persons with proper ability before a field of study is to be considered a science . Meyer (1999 ) then made connection with Durkheim ‘s distinction of his sociological methodology and the methodology of psychology as to the concept of social fact

The social fact therefore is our framework for explaining and analyzing the distinction . Meyer (1999 ) said , In Chapter 1 of his The Rules of Sociological Method he states two criteria for identifying “social facts . Firstly “A social fact is to be recognized by the power of external coercion which it exercises or is capable of exercising over individuals , and the presence of this power may be recognized in its turn either by the existence of some specific sanction or by the resistance offered against every individual effort to violate it (Durkhiem ,

.10 ) According to this definition , gravity is a social fact , since it coerces individuals to remain on the ground and resists their attempts to fly by their own efforts ‘ At the end of Chapter 1 he restates this as “A social fact is every way of acting – capable of exercising on the individual an external constraint (Durkhiem ,

.13

Meyer (1999 ) argued that since gravity is not a “way of acting this excludes gravity . He therefore inferred that presumably is must be people that acts and that a social fact would seem to be present whenever people act in such a way as to constrain the actions of other people . He explained that people do so by virtue of occupying space since we cannot walk through solid objects . He concluded what Durkheim mean that people constrain others by intention to be referring to customs , laws and traditions which individuals ignore at some risk

Citing customs , laws and tradition as exerting constraint on individuals , Meyer (1999 ) appears agreeing with Durkheim . Wikipedia 2006 , further affirmed this when it discussed the term saying , social facts are the social structures and cultural norms and values that are external to , and coercive of , actors (Ritzer 2000 :73 . Social facts would be represented by HYPERLINK “http /en .wikipedia .org /wiki /Social_norm ” \o “Social norm ” social norms or HYPERLINK “http /en .wikipedia .org /wiki /Social_institution \o “Social institution ” social institutions within the collective conscience or collective representations , which is internalized by individuals as morals which… [banner_entry_footer]

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