CORE ISSUES IN SOCIAL THEORY 1 (SOCIOLOGY)EXPLAIN MAX WEBER’S SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF BUREACRACY AND DISCUSS HOW BUREAUCRACY AFFECTS SOCIETY TODAY
Max Weber ‘s Sociological Analysis of Bureaucracy Max Weber ‘s Sociological Analysis of Bureaucracy Max Weber ‘s Sociological Analysis of Bureaucracy Rationalization and its different manifestation occupied the most of Weberian thought and remained a focused point in his sociological thought . This focus on rationalization also forced him to contemplate on the processes and development of large-scale organizations in the public and private sectors . Weber presented his idea and application of rationalization on the large-scale organizations through the concept of Bureaucracy . Weber assumed that Bureaucratic synchronization of human activities [banner_entry_middle]
and action is a distinctive feature of modern social and economic life . He analysed the concept in the historical and existing social perspective and developed his own concept an ideal-type bureaucracy . The major qualities of his ideal type bureaucracy include hierarchy of authority , impersonality , efficiency , rules of conduct in black and white and specialized division of labor (Aron , 1970 Coser 1977 Lewis A . Coser (1977 ) sums up the Weberian idea of Bureaucracy in these words Weber ‘s interest in the nature of power and authority , as well as his pervasive preoccupation with modern trends of rationalization , led him to concern himself with the operation of modern large-scale enterprises in the political , administrative , and economic realm . Bureaucratic coordination of activities , he argued , is the distinctive mark of the modern era . Bureaucracies are organized according to rational principles . Offices are ranked in a hierarchical and their operations are characterized by impersonal rules . Incumbents are governed by methodical allocation of areas of jurisdiction and delimited spheres of duty . Appointments are made according to specialized qualifications rather than ascriptive criteria . This bureaucratic coordination of the actions of large numbers of people has become the dominant structural feature of modern forms of organization . Only through this organizational device has large- scale planning , both for the modern state and the modern economy , become possible (Coser , 1977 br
. 230 The efficiency achieved through the application of rational exercise of affairs to gain calculated results remained the central characteristic of his bureaucracy . Weber emphasized this rational exercise in this way “From a purely technical point of view , a bureaucracy is capable of attaining the highest degree of efficiency , and is in this sense formally the most rational known means of exercising authority over human beings . It is superior to any other form in precision , in stability , in the stringency of its discipline , and in its reliability It thus makes possible a particularly high degree of calculability of results for the heads of the organization and for those acting in relation to it . It is finally superior both in intensive efficiency and in the scope of its operations and is formally capable of application to all kinds of administrative tasks (Weber , 1921 /1968 ,
. 223 Weber emphasized many times that bureaucratic organizations are absolute product of a process to subdue human affairs to the canon of reason and to capacitate the organizations to carry out their business “according to calculable rules ” He was of the view that rational… [banner_entry_footer]
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