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critique

March 19, 2016 | Author: | Posted in methodology, social sciences

Critique of the article : Improving the safety of Medication Administration Using a CD ROM Program ‘ by Philip J . Schneider and Craig A . Pedersen

Abstract

This portion of the article is dealing with an explanation of the study in question . It announces the purpose of the study . The abstract explains who participated , in what locations , and in what capacity . The results of the study are then addressed on an error based analysis and shows where the main errors were made in the study . Lastly the abstract gives a general conclusion statement . Abstract [banner_entry_middle]

of this article is a general overview of everything going on in the article . It touches on the main pints and allows readers or researchers the chance for a quick preview in for them to see if this article is one they need to examine in more detail

Introduction

The introduction of this article begins by explaining what prompted the research into this facet of the medical community . The opening states that due to a study done in 1999 by the Institute of Medicine various organizations including the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare (JCAHO ) have called for the prioritization of patient safety The second paragraph of the introduction explains that medications , as the most common intervention in health care , have become a critical area for advances in safety . It explains that due to the large amount of actions involved in providing medications , namely the prescribing transcribing , dispensing , administration and monitoring , the opportunities for errors increases with each new step . Schneider and Pedermen then go on in the article to explain that although prescription methods are the number one error rated step , medication administration is second and still a great danger to patients . They then continue to explain the different factors that contribute to the high error of errors during the administration of medications . The factors that combine to attribute to 38 of the errors of all adverse drug events are : the rapid proliferation of new drug devices and products , the complexity of medication regimens and the overloading of the nurses workload . In the introduction the authors refer to previous studies done along the same lines but with different strategies . The results of those studies , the authors point out , were not conclusive enough to warrant the recommended changes . The unit of measure or analysis is defined as the opportunity for error or the number of doses administered plus the number of doses omitted . Error rates are calculated by dividing the differences between what was administered and what was prescribed by the opportunities for error (Schneider and Pedermen ) But the reason for this study according to the authors was to assess the possibility of an intervention to improve the safety of medication administration that could be with a minimum of effort and expense by the hospitals but would still be effective

Methods

The methods in question for this study are explained as being randomized , controlled and non-blinded . The study was performed at three separate institutions and with a hospital… [banner_entry_footer]

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