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decolonialzation and nationalism in africa

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in economics, mathematics and economics

DECOLONIZATION AND NATIONALISM

IN AFRICA

A scholar , a journalist and a political activist , Basil Davidson has made exceptional contribution to the development of modern African history . His books have been widely recognized due to their scientific reliability and forceful presentation related to the most problematic aspects of African history , notable the relationship of the past to the present . His book , Modern Africa : A Social and Political History presents a review of the political and social history of Africa in the twentieth century , from the colonial era through the liberalization movements [banner_entry_middle]

to independence and beyond . He believes that Africa ‘s economic , sociopolitical and environmental development is a product of its historical experiences and interaction between local and global forces . But according to Saul Dubow (1995 ) this book offers a mixture of political analysis , historical surveys and personal opinions but does not cohere in a convincing fashion

In his book Davidson demolishes the assumption of Africa ‘s inherent primitivism , pervasive in the Western imagination and proves that indigenous democracy did exist in Africa before colonialism . He provides compelling narratives contending that colonialism was not just the expropriation of African land , but massive exploitation of Africans and violent assault on African communities and colonial atrocities that many historians prefer to gloss over . Davidson also analyses and anticipates the future political developments and sociopolitical developments in appropriate context of global history . He reflects his views on African colonial history during the interwar period and unfolds the crisis of postcolonial era . Thus as a result of two world wars , major economic and technological advances , the great depression and the political turmoil in other regions under colonial control , all provided the impetus for decolonization in African colonies

Decolonization

According to Lipset , .of equalitarian values holds out hopes for the rest of the world . For prosperity , freedom and equality cannot be for white men only . If they are , then they will prove to have been as illusory and impermanent as the slave-based democracies of ancient Greece (1967 ,

.395 ) Since colonialism was justified by racism and superiority of the whites over the blacks , the African culture and innovation was systematically debased . The democratization project in Africa has not been faced with any sense of consistency by the industrialized countries of the West . While the European colonial rule tried to stifle the indigenous democracies in Africa , the decolonization process and neocolonialism called for democratization despite the West supporting African dictators during the Cold War conflict

Similarly , the fall of the Berlin Wall , the tensions of the Cold War and the new era of globalization , gave new impetus to democracy and democratization . As postwar pressures in Africa and the aftermath of war in Europe , made the European powers became aware of the need to democratize their African colonies . Thus they began to forge a new type of relationship that would help them maintain their influence in Africa in the event of actual independence . According to Basil Davidson this became know as neocolonialism , a many sided attempt by outside… [banner_entry_footer]

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