Essay Title: 

Drug dependence

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in psychology, social sciences

Nature of drug dependence

Drug dependence is characterized by several things : one is the loss of control in using the substance another is an almost obsessive preoccupation about the substance and last , is the continued use and abuse of the substance even when problems arise because of it . Addiction to psychoactive or mood-altering drugs in particular can be described as compulsive and involuntary . In most cases , addicts cannot stop without outside intervention

Misconceptions about addiction

The common misconception about drug or alcohol addiction is that a person can only be [banner_entry_middle]

considered an addict if he craves the drug on a daily basis , or if he goes through withdrawal symptoms when he discontinues the use of the substance . There is a also a belief that addicts come from the lower rungs of society – that they are poor , unemployed , or have not attained high levels of education . However , the truth is that many (if not most ) drug addicts do not fall under the aforementioned things . They are also not habitual users , nor do they experience withdrawal symptoms (i .e , vomiting , cramps , or seizures

What causes addiction

The causes of addiction have long been in dispute , but it is now generally accepted that addiction results from a combination of genetic biological , and social /psychological factors

On the social /psychological side , persons with low self-esteem are more likely to become addicted to drugs . They become to drug use either to make their lives more interesting , or to escape from painful emotions

Physiological and psychological effects of depressants and stimulants

Stimulants are chemicals that increase nervous system activity and make a person feel more awake and alert . Stimulants can be used to increase endurance during difficult or tedious physical activity . It can also be used to suppress appetite . Some of the more commonly known stimulants are caffeine , cocaine , ecstasy , and amphetamines

Depressants are chemicals that have the opposite effect of stimulants – they retard or slow down neural and motor processes , thus making a person feel less alert and awake . Depressants encourage calmness and drowsiness . One very common depressant is alcohol

Most – if not all – stimulants and depressants can be addicting… [banner_entry_footer]

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