Essay Title: 

Educational psychology – Moral development & education. Interview a teacher on their views about moral development & education. In your report address theory related issues of development aspects and milestones (the function of language on the development

March 23, 2016 | Author: | Posted in ethics, social sciences

Unit Title : EDU110

Title : Research Report

Name

Date

Educational Psychology : Moral Development and Education

Abstract

Due to concerns about an imminent moral crisis , the issue of moral development and education has gained popularity . Decades ‘ worth of moral and cognitive development theories have provided various and conflicting approaches to moral education . The question now is which theory or approach best serves the need for effective moral instruction . Other concerns include the effects of culture , society , language , and gender on moral development and education . As a solution , some scholars have [banner_entry_middle]

br promoted the use of an integrated approach to moral education Introduction

With the impending moral crisis that seems to be sweeping the nation the issue of moral development and education has never been more popular . During the past 20-30 years , two trends have marked the conduct of the youth (1 ) a noticeable increase in destructive behaviour and (2 ) an increase in self-destructive behaviour (Wynne and Heiss , 1987 But while not all of the social ills that have been linked to moral education are necessarily moral in nature , much emphasis has nevertheless been placed on the moral instruction of today ‘s youth . To effectively address the of character education , the issue of programme effectiveness must first be taken into account (Leming , 1993 One way to ensure the proper approach to tackling moral education is to study the available literature on moral development and to examine the approaches that have been used in character education , so that the effective methods may be determined and the differences between the effective and ineffective methods may be accounted for

There are many different perspectives currently being employed in moral development and education . One of the more popular theories – cognitive development – was proposed by Jean Piaget . Piaget , one of the pioneering minds of the 20th century in the field of developmental psychology studied the thought processes of young children . He observed that younger children thought , and thus responded , differently from older children , and this conclusion led to his theory on cognitive development . Piaget identified the four stages of cognitive development sensorimotor , pre-operational , concrete operational , and formal operational (Piaget , 1965 . Many of today ‘s pre-school programmes are patterned after Piaget ‘s theory , which has also formed part of the basis for constructivist learning

Lawrence Kohlberg , one of the most famous moral theorists , adapted Piaget ‘s theory , which views cognitive development as a series of stages in which an individual acquires and incorporates increasing numbers of interacting variables at each stage (Lozzi , 1990 . Kohlberg ‘s stages of moral development were created to elucidate the progress of moral reasoning . His theory is that moral reasoning , being the basis for moral behaviour , can be categorized into developmental stages . He elaborated on Piaget ‘s work , and concluded that moral development was a life-long process . Kohlberg ‘s developmental stages include : pre-conventional reasoning , conventional reasoning , and post-conventional reasoning (Kohlberg , 1978

From Kohlberg ‘s perspective , moral development is the increasing ability to differentiate and integrate the perspectives of self and other in making moral decisions… [banner_entry_footer]

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