Essay Title: 

Ethics in Criminal Justice

March 23, 2016 | Author: | Posted in ethics, social sciences

ETHICS IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM (WRONGFUL CONVICTIONS

Introduction The criminal justice system ‘s validity and authenticity is founded mainly upon its evenhandedness and efficacy . Its efficacy is assessed by its facility to identify that a crime has been committed and probe into it , be aware of its offenders and implement suitable measures and penalties to those who will be convicted of transgressions Likewise , its evenhandedness is evaluated by its diligence and the hard work it makes to rectify the resource inequity between the accused and the state at the investigatory stage [banner_entry_middle]

, in the pre-trial , trial and appellate phases . This is accomplished as the system provides evidentiary safeguards and efficient legal representation at all stages of the whole process

Wrongful convictions undercut two aspects of the justice system ‘s legitimacy – when an accused person is wrongfully convicted , that person is penalized for a crime he /she did not commit and the real person responsible for such offense runs free , in like manner , public confidence in the system weakens when wrongful convictions are known and established

In recent years , public attention has been brought to this matter of wrongful convictions by the Donald Marshall case in Canada (Royal Commission Report , 1991 ) and in the United States by the Hurricane Carter indictment (Chaiton Swinton , 1991 . Perhaps , there are just a few truly wrongful convictions than asserted however , there may still be a surprising number . In Great Britain , it has been professed that the incidence rate of wrongful convictions may be as high as .1 (one out of every thousand people . A further approximation is that there maybe fifteen (15 ) cases of wrongful convictions each year in Great Britain Studies and researches in the U .S . reveal that between ? and 1 of individuals condemned of serious crimes did not actually commit such felony they have been accused of . It has also been implied by the Criminal Justice Research Center that as many as 6 ,000 people per year have been wrongfully convicted of crimes inside the United States of America . There were no related estimates and declarations of wrongful convictions in Canada , theless , its Department of Justice approximated about thirty applications annually for the review of criminal convictions (Middlemiss , 1991 , pp . 20-25

What triggers wrongful convictions are easy to spot – instances of ineptitude and misdeeds during the stage of investigation , in the pre-trial , trial and appellate phases of the criminal justice system Specifically , the factors that contribute to wrongful convictions include mistaken identity , false accusations , DNA inclusions of time of trial , deceptive and ambiguous police work , incompetent defense counsel pressure for a conviction from the community , inadequate identification evidence , perjury , false confessions , misinterpreted and insufficient forensic evidence , judicial bias , mediocre presentation of an appellate case and difficulty in securing fresh evidence that needs to be admitted at the appellate phase (Kaiser , 1991 McCloskey , 1989 . Every occasion of wrongful conviction shows a different blend of shortcomings and fiascos in the criminal justice system that has prohibited it from operating efficiently and judiciously

Brandon Moon… [banner_entry_footer]

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