Essay Title: 

European History

March 20, 2016 | Author: | Posted in history, native-american studies

EUROPEAN HISTORY

Why did Europeans become increasingly interested in voyages of discovery ‘ in the late fifteenth and early sixteenth century ? Which two countries led the way in these voyages and why ? What impact did the discoveries ‘ have on Europe

There are several reasons why Europeans became increasingly interested in the other side of the world . In the early fifteenth century the sea-faring countries of Europe were poised to expand their influence in the rest of the world through a program of sustained and systematic exploration . In some cases the motive for [banner_entry_middle]

exploration was profit , in others , exploration was fanned by the quest for knowledge about the world in which Europeans lived . Still others justified their actions as the logical extension of the Crusades of Christianity against Islam

But mostly , the great European voyages of discovery of the 15th and 16th centuries were fundamentally economic enterprises . They were conducted by the European countries of the Atlantic coasts to establish direct trade contacts with China and the Spice Islands (Indonesia ) that was being blocked by Byzantium /Venice and the Arabs . At that time , trade in silk , porcelin , and spices from the East carried over the Silk Road had to pass through Turkish , Arab , Byzantine , and Italian middleman , making them enormously expensive . The crusaders failed to break the Islamic wall separating still primitive Europe from the riches of the East

Circumventing the land Silk Road and the sea Spice Route would have profound economic consequences for Europe and the world . The balance of power would shift from Eastern to Western Europe and eventually to northern Europe . Two nations led the early explorations in the 15th century–Spain and Portugal . These two countries pioneered the sea routes that would lead Europeans to Asia and the Americas , but the Dutch , English , and French were to follow in the 16th century

The success of these early explorations established Europe as a dominant continent in the world . It paved the way for much colonization of European nations in Asia , Africa and Americas

What do you see as the most fundamental and important change in Europe during the period we have studied in this course (Roughly from the beginning of the Roman period to the end of the Thirty Years ‘ War , or circa 500 B . C . E . to 1648 C . E ) Make sure you fully explain WHY you think so and , as always , back it up with specific historical evidence

In my opinion , the invention of the printing press by Gutenberg in 1445 is among the most important changes that happened in Europe . Previously bookmaking entailed copying all the words and illustrations by hand Often the copying had been done onto parchment , animal skin that had been scraped until it was clean , smooth , and thin . The labor that went into creating them made each book very expensive . Because Gutenberg ‘s press could produce books quickly and with relatively little effort bookmaking became much less expensive , allowing more people to buy reading material

With this invention , books and knowledge became… [banner_entry_footer]

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