Essay Title: 

Evolution of the Americas

March 20, 2016 | Author: | Posted in history, latin-american studies

Although the people of Latin America , which consists of the ten republics of South America (excluding the three Guianas , the six republics of Central America (including Panama but excluding Belize Mexico , Cuba , the Dominican Republic , and Haiti , are relatively better off than most African nations (Mexico in fact had 24 billionaires in 1994 , more than those of Britain , France and Italy combined , and notwithstanding the advantages of geography , natural resources , climate and available manpower , they are generally poor or have not prospered sufficiently to reach the First World status of wealth and [banner_entry_middle]

influence enjoyed by their North American counterparts (Sherman . Moreover they have not formed a unified union , like that of Canada and the United States , notwithstanding their common history and cultural heritage This study discusses the underlying causes or theories to explain such condition

Latin America occupies a vast continent rich in mineral resources , mild climate , and hardworking people . Formerly under the Spanish and Portuguese yoke , this region has been plundered through the past four hundred years , beginning with the conquest of the Aztec empire by Cortez . Mexicans , to this day , refer to themselves as hijos de la gran chingada (children of the great rape . While the nations of this region have a common history of conquest , language and culture they also share a common lot of poverty and failure to achieve progress (Schulman

Climate , raw materials , arable land , access to fresh water and the sea i .e , geography are important for a nation to prosper . History is equally important : among nations with established traditions of political independence , social mobility , and free enterprise , the governments are more attuned to the needs of their constituents , more efficient , and less corrupt . Investors naturally are attracted and foreign aid is used for its intended purpose rather than channeled to dubious interests (Jennings

Sherman , in his book Latin America in Crisis , notes that Latin America ‘s history of centuries-old plunder and exploitation by the two empires , including the forced migration into the continent of black slaves particularly in the Haiti and the Caribbean , leaving a medieval cultural heritage among its conquered people in whom resistance to modernization , fatalism , violence and subservience to hierarchy is deeply ingrained , has led to a perception among the Western nations that Latin America is apt to remain backward (9

Sherman notes that Latin Americans are generally poor , although Mexico had 24 billionaires in 1994 , more than those of Britain , France and Italy combined (1 . The poverty in Latin America , according to him has likewise been attributed by thinkers in the 1960s , among other factors , to its backward ‘ qualities : heavy reliance on agriculture with little industrialization traditional , subsistence-oriented agriculture a feudal-like where peasants deferred to the landed elite archaic political institutions ruled by strong executive branches , inept legislative , and loyalties based on personalities and connections rather than on parties and ideas (3 – 4

There has been a long-standing scholarly debate among analysts as to why Latin America has remained relatively poor . Several theories have been advanced to account… [banner_entry_footer]

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