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Evolvement of the international regime of refugee protection

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in east european studies, history

Running Head : Evolvement of the international regime of refugee protection

Evolvement of the international regime of refugee protection

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Institution Name Many people today are inclined to distinguish refugees as a relatively new phenomenon that mostly occurs in countries in Africa , Asia , and Latin America , and in rapidly disintegrating countries in the Balkans and the ex Soviet Union . Certainly during the past few decades the majority refugees have fled violent conflicts or persecution in the developing countries but mass refugee movements are neither new nor exceptional to the [banner_entry_middle]

Third World (Gil Loescher , ed , 1992 . They have been a political as well as a humanitarian issue for as long as mankind has lived in structured groups where intolerance and domination have existed . The difference is that , before this century , refugees were regarded as assets somewhat than liabilities countries granted refuge to people of geo-political , religious , or ideological views similar to their own and rulers viewed organize over large populations , along with natural resources and terrain itself , as an index of power and national greatness (Michael Marrus , 1985

As most refugees of earlier eras found it probable to gain safe haven outside their country of origin , this has not been the case for numerous refugees in the twentieth century . After both world wars , Europe practiced refugee flows similar to those taking place in the Third World today . Like most modern refugee movements , people left their homes for varied and multifarious reasons , including the severe economic distraction and starvation that accompanied the violence and interference of war and the upheaval of political and social revolution that followed the disintegration of multiethnic empires and the creation of new nation-states . The majority of these people were members of unwanted minority groups , political escapees , or the victims of warfare communalism , and haphazard violence . Fundamentally , the refugee problems of the period from 1921 to 1951 were political ones , as they are today

The international reactions to mass expulsions , compulsory transfers of population , mass exits , and capricious denial of return were often weak and contradictory . In circumstances related to those that exist in parts of the Third World and Eastern Europe today , mass incursions threatened the security of European states , particularly when numerous refugee crises became protracted affairs that surpassed the competences of humanitarian agencies and individual states to resolve

Organized international efforts for refugees began in 1921 , while the League of Nations appointed the first High Commissioner for Refugees Over the next twenty years , the scope and functions of supporting programs gradually expanded , as efforts were made to regularize the status and control of stateless and denationalized people . Throughout World War II and after it , two expensive and politically contentious refugee organizations the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Agency and the International Refugee Organization , each with a fundamentally different mandate further developed the international organizational framework . Since 1951 , an international refugee regime composed of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and a network of other international agencies , national governments , and voluntary or nongovernmental organizations has developed… [banner_entry_footer]

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