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Explain the development of the concept of evolution

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in english, literature and language

Development of Evolution Concept

It is a matter of fact that history of evolution is very long and contradictive . The concept of evolution has existed even since ancient times and is being developing nowadays . Modern theory of evolutionary thought was established in 18th-19th centuries . Many outstanding and famous scientists contributed the evolutionary thought and interpreted it in their own way

As it was mentioned above , the concept of evolution appeared and was strongly supported in ancient time by Anaximander , Democritus , Epicurus and Empedocles . Those Greek philosophers made the first attempt to [banner_entry_middle]

br explain the concept of evolution suggesting that humans , sun , earth life and civilization emerged from aeons without divine intervention (Bowler 2003 , 23 ) The Roman philosopher Lucretius described life development in stages starting from atoms collisions and ending with succession of animals and less brutish humans . Nevertheless evolutionary thoughts died in Europe after the Roman Empire had fallen however , the ideas were developed in Islamic countries . It is known that Al-Jahiz claimed that environment affected the animals ‘ survivals and it had to affect humans as well . Ibn al-Haitham argued even about the explicitly for evolutionism (Bowler 2003

Matthew Hale in 1677 used the term evolution ‘ t attack the atomism of Epicurus and Democritus . He argued that their atomist theory and suggested that collisions and vibrations of atoms had formed not humans and animals , but semina that were immediate , primitive , productive principles of men , animals , birds and fishes (Riddle 1954 , 89 ) Hale called that mechanism absurdity . The concept of evolution was contributed also by German scientists including Schelling and Hegel According to them evolution appears to be a fundamentally spiritual process involving both natural and divine interventions . They argued that evolution was a self- disclosing revelation of the absolute (Riddle 1954 , 89 ) In the early 18th century German scientist Leibniz suggested that the objects are caused by internal forces . He supported the idea of that evolution involved divine principles . He mentioned that universe couldn ‘t be formed without God ‘s works (Riddle 1954

In 1745 Pierre Maupertius suggested rather interesting concept considering that all the modern species are the smallest parts produced by the blind destiny . According to him chance ‘ has produced innumerable individuals however only few individuals are able to satisfy their needs , whereas others perish . Therefore he presented the idea of natural selection further contributed by Charles Darwin . One more scientist Buffon suggested the mutability of species and underlined that organisms are influenced strongly by natural processes . In 1755 Kant , German philosopher and scientist predicted the theory that unformed matter develops into the highest types of plants and animals Kant believed that modifications and variations were the response to mechanical laws of the organisms themselves rather than to the influence of their surroundings (Bowler 2003 , 120 ) Herder , for example , agreed with the concept of natural selection stating that struggle foe survival and existence played the major role in organic world , although the theme remained undeveloped and rather vague

In the early 19th century Wells assumed that evolution of humans… [banner_entry_footer]

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