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gothic furniture and interior

March 23, 2016 | Author: | Posted in advanced art, art

Gothic furniture and interior

Gothic style found its utmost expression in architecture . Emerging in the first half of the 12th century from Romanesque antecedent , Gothic architecture continued glowing into the 16th century in Northern Europe long after Renaissance style had permeated the other arts . Even though a huge number of secular monuments were built in the style , it was as church architecture that the Gothic expression reached its most heights

In outstanding difference to Romanesque style , in which the fundamental characteristics are round arches , a sturdy structure , and small windows Gothic [banner_entry_middle]

architecture is characterized by pointed arches , soaring spires large traceried windows , and delicacy of structure . These artistic qualities depended on a structural improvement : the ribbed vault Medieval churches have solid stone vaults (the structure that supports the ceiling or roof . Being tremendously weighty , solid stone vaulting tend to push the walls outward , which could lead to the fall down of the building . In turn , walls had to be thick and heavy as much as necessary to stand the weight of the vaults . Early in the 12th century , masons developed the ridged vault , which consists of skinny arches of stone running diagonally , from corner to corner , and longitudinally . The new vault , which was thinner , lighter , and more flexible , allowed a number of architectural developments to take place

Though the original Gothic churches assumed a broad selection of forms the creation of a series of large cathedrals in northern France beginning in the second half of the 12th century , took complete benefit of the ribbed vault . Cathedral architects found that , given that the outward thrusts of the vaults were concentrated in the tiny areas at the springing of the ribs and were also deflected downwards by the pointed arches , pressure could be readily countered by thin walls and by flying buttresses , which skewed away from the wall to form an arch . Therefore the thick walls of Romanesque architecture could mainly be replaced by thinner walls with glazed windows , and buildings could reach unprecedented heights . A revolution in building techniques thus occurred

Elements of the Gothic Revival style are readily noticeable . The floor plan of St . Mary ‘s church is one that has been use for Christian churches for centuries . It is elongated and narrow , with wings on each side near the altar area creating the shape of the cross . This plan has a narthex or entrance area just inside the front doors , a nave with side aisles (the area for the congregation , transept (the side wings , and altar area . The interior walls are not of stone , but are of tannish-brown brick which is painted by inset carved stone panels . A huge Gothic arch at the far end signals the beginning of the altar area whereas the big arches on each side divide the nave from the transepts wings . Smaller Gothic arches along the side walls divide the nave from the side aisles . Numerous stylistic differences separate the buildings of the Gothic era from those of the Romanesque . The Gothic churches with… [banner_entry_footer]

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