Essay Title: 

Hagia Sophia

March 23, 2016 | Author: | Posted in architecture, art

Hagia Sophia

Throughout the history , humans have built great structures and buildings not only to signify the might of that era but also to commemorate their religious fervor . Whether we talk of the great Egyptian pyramids , glorious castles of kings , astounding religious places or the sky scrappers of modern era , there is one thing unique in all such places and that is the incredible signs of art and architecture . The mere size of a building can be impressive but human mind goes much beyond that . The element of beauty reflected through [banner_entry_middle]

stunning and intriguing design has always remained the focus of attention

Hagia Sophia is one such rare piece of structure that carries a remarkable religious , historical and political significance . It denotes a remarkable Byzantine architectural work which was destroyed and then resurrected a number of time . It was originally built as a church , then it was converted into a mosque and now it is being preserved as a museum . Today , it still stands in the city of Istanbul and tells its tales of past and present glory to its visitors . This will highlight the significance of Hagia Sophia from religious and historic perspectives and focus on its journey through time expanding over a period of almost 1600 years . The will also cover all episodes of its destruction and resurrection

In 360 AD , Hagia Sophia also known as the `The Church of Holy Wisdom was built in Istanbul , Turkey by the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great . For 65 years (330 AD to 395 AD ) the city (formally called Constantinople ) was the capital of the Roman Empire which took in almost the entire Mediterranean basin . Hagia Sophia was built on a hill overlooking the Sea of Marmara . It is the same hill on which the temple of Apollo once existed . Constantius II , son of Constantine was assigned the responsibility for the completion of the church . It was the biggest church in Roman Empire and was therefore initially named as `Megale Ekklesia ‘ which means the Great Church . This church was in dedication to the Christ and was later being referred to as Sophia when the fourth century theologians gave the name of Sophia to the Christ

Hagia Sophia is a true reflection of Byzantine style of architecture which is echoed through its massive dome with square bases and rounded arches and spires and minarets and much use of mosaics . Its remarkable huge dome is supported by four massive piers . It has four arches which swing across and are linked by four pendentives . The main dome rises above these pendentives and has forty single-arched windows which give way to the light thereby illuminating the interior and creating an impression of an infinite space . The north and south arches above the arched colonnades of the aisles and galleries contain twelve large windows in two rows , with seven in lower row and five in upper row . The meters and has a diameter of 33 meters above the floor . The aisles measures 18 .29… [banner_entry_footer]

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