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Hispanic American Diversity

March 23, 2016 | Author: | Posted in ethnic and area studies, social sciences

Hispanic American Diversity

Hispanic or Latino is defined by the US government as a person of Mexican , Puerto Rican and Cuban origin . Spanish-speaking nations of Central America , South America and the Caribbean are also considered to be Hispanics . It is therefore noted that persons of Hispanic descent may be of any race ( Hispanic-American Families ‘ n .d

As of July 2005 , the estimated Hispanic population of the United States is 42 .7 million , making them the largest ethnic or race minority Hispanics constitute 14 percent of the US 3 .3 percent increase from [banner_entry_middle]

July 2004 to July 2005 , they are considered the fastest growing minority group ( Facts for Features , 2006

With these figures , it is undeniable that the Hispanic population in the United States has become a force to reckon with not only economically but also politically . In fact , the Hispanic market is the most rapidly expanding market and is partly instrumental in contributing to the overall economic growth of the nation

Mexican Americans

Mexican Americans comprise the majority of the Hispanic population in the United States . As of 2000 , 66 .1 percent of the population in the US is of Mexican origin . They are mostly residing the Southwestern states such as California , Texas , Arizona and New Mexico (Therrien Ramirez , 2000

Because of its proximity to the United States , citizens from Mexico were the first immigrants to come to the country with Hispanic origin Beginning in the 1900s , Mexicans numbering by the thousands started to cross the b and settle in the US to escape poverty and war in Mexico . Later on Mexican Americans were to contribute in Americas ‘ war efforts sending their men to fight in World War I and II ( History of Hispanic American Immigration , n .d

Mexican Americans tend to favor the Democrats in the political arena and because of their superior number compared to other Hispanics , the Democratic Party is considered to be far stronger among Hispanics overall ( Hispanic , 2006

Family households of Mexican Americans are larger than those of non-Hispanic Whites . Usually , members of a household number from five or more people which is considered large by American standards . Compared to the non-Hispanic Whites , Hispanics were more likely to be unemployed with the Mexican Americans averaging 7 percent of the population listed as unemployed . In terms of educational attainment Mexican Americans rank fourth among the Hispanic population who has at least a high school education . As a result , poverty incidence among Mexican Americans is quite high (Therrien Ramirez , 2000

Puerto Ricans

Next to the Mexican Americans , Puerto Ricans comprise the second largest Hispanic population in the United States . Majority of Puerto Ricans live in the Northeastern part of the United States mainly in New York (Therrien Ramirez , 2000

Puerto Ricans started to settle in the United States in great numbers in the mid-1990s . The island of Puerto Rico has been a US possession since 1898 and its people were granted US citizenship since 1917 . As citizens , Puerto Ricans are allowed to enter the US mainland without… [banner_entry_footer]

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