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March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in american history, history

The American Home Front ‘s Impact on the Politics of War Throughout American history , Americans have responded to wars differently . Some wars received overwhelming support and unified the nation like World War II , while other wars like the Vietnam War , divided the nation and sparked anger and protests among Americans . Public reaction to war also influences the decisions of political leaders , who often base their wartime policies on public opinion . The American public ‘s response to war significantly impacts the political landscape and in some cases even the outcome of war [banner_entry_middle]

. Public pressure during World War II , the Korean War and Vietnam War , influenced wartime decisions and many significant political changes were made during these conflicts

American wars produce various home front reactions which affect our political landscape . In many cases , public opinion is the leading factor that determines whether a country will go to war , which is why America refused to join World War II . During the early years of World War II , the American public took an isolationist and anti-interventionists position and did not want to join the conflict despite the atrocities that were going on in Europe . President Roosevelt tried to sway public opinion , in which he vaunted skills at “educating ” the American public [but was] not so great as to be able to convince them , and Congress , that the United States should declare war on Germany (Kimball , 2004 . Only after the attack on Pearl Harbor was there overwhelming support for the war . Americans rallied behind FDR and supported the war and he united the country during the conflict . Furthermore , another war that was affected by public opinion was the Korean War . The Korean War was the first conflict of the Cold War that was fought under the policy of limited undeclared war . At the start of the Korean War many Americans did not fully understand the policy of fighting undeclared wars , but still supported the war efforts because of their fear of communism . At the time the armed forces was still segregated and one political changed that occurred during the Korean War was the integration of the armed services . Many American ‘s who supported the Korea War questioned the segregation of the armed forces and argued that it was undemocratic . As a result of public pressure , President Truman integrated the armed forces , which was a significant political decision because segregation still existed in the United States at the time

Moreover , the American public also had a significant impact on the political climate during the Vietnam War . At the start of the war American ‘s supported President Johnson because they wanted to stop the spread of communism . However , as the war dragged on , public opinion changed and many opposed the war because of the growing economic burden and the high number of causalities . There were constant protests and many young Americans were understandably unwilling to suffer and die in Vietnam and opposed the war accordingly (Attarian , 2000 ,

. 288 The high number of causalities , economic burden , and… [banner_entry_footer]

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