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History of Graphic Design

March 19, 2016 | Author: | Posted in art, design analysis

History of Graphic Design

Before Johann Gutenberg discovered modern printing in 1450 , the process of recording and preserving important events , great ideas , and production of books was done by hand . Scribes , mostly , monks from monasteries , performed this laborious task and would take them years to complete a book . Thus , the impact of modern printing to human civilization is an essential factor in educating the world . Its discovery is considered an important event in human history because of its great contribution to culture and knowledge . In 1499 , there were 1 ,500 print [banner_entry_middle]

shops in Europe producing 15 million books of different titles . This ignited widespread literacy and ushered an era of enlightenment . Learning was no longer exclusive to the elite and the intellectuals . Printing was the first mass medium to allow the spread of ideas and information benefiting ordinary people who began to read and write . The Protestant Reformation would not have happened if not for the printing of Luther ‘s theses . Many groups wanted to control the new technology . Scribes fought the establishment of printing press for they could loss their livelihood . Eventually , governments took hold of the printing press to prevent the spread of anti-government sentiments . The church also did the same . The development of printing was one of the keys that led to the creation of a modern society , revolutionizing education and developing language . Today , the printing press is a vital tool , as it was before , to the development of a nation and expression of freedom . From its early discovery to the 20th century , innovations in the printing process developed significantly with improved techniques and new concepts . Here we trace its revolutions through the ages

Movable Type – The first printing press invented by Gutenberg . Unaware or not , the Chinese and Koreans already used his methods in 1041 and 1234 respectively . This technique uses separate blocks of letters or characters in mirror image , where they are moved to form a text or word like a scrabble . Prior to Gutenberg , the Chinese used clay-type blocks which broke easily , and then wood while the Koreans constructed a metal type and established an iron printing press . They carved each character individually by hand . Gutenberg , on the other hand , used molding to mass-produce his characters . His type was made from an alloy of lead tin and antimony , producing high quality prints . He placed the capital letters on top of the shelf and the other letter pieces at the bottom of the shelf , hence the terms upper case ‘ and lower case . He used an oil-based ink , which he printed on vellum and . He based his process on presses used in wine making . His methods remained unchanged for centuries . Critics , however , claimed that Gutenberg only adapted his invention from existing methods while Dutchman Laurens Janszoon Coster also declared that he invented the printing press

Letterpress – This is the oldest form of printing in the West and originated with the invention of movable metal type . Thousands of pieces of metal type individual character or letter… [banner_entry_footer]

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