How did aviation evolve during WWI and and what were the major differences in Research and Development during those eras?
HOW DID AVIATION EVOLVE DURING WWI AND WHAT WERE THE MAJOR DIFFERENCES IN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT DURING THOSE ERAS
In the early part of the 20th century when modern aviation took its footing , kite became a slang word for the airplane . The main reason was that in those days aircraft had to be light weighted and required enormous wing span area resembling the box kites . The box kites were made of wood and bamboo frames and covered with stretched linen , similar was the design of the early airplane . These early airplanes emphasized [banner_entry_middle]
more on increasing lift rather than overcoming the drag which resulted in little power for the engines to fly or carry heavy objects . However this situation did not last long due the advent of WWI which helped in increasing the performance of early airplanes
Glenn Curtiss was an expert in motorcycle . He used V-8 engines (basically a motorcycle engine ) and was able to achieve 219 km per hour which he later on used in V-8 powered airplane . Later on he also went to France and won the Gordon Bennett trophy by making a record of 76 kph At the dawn of WWI some airplane designers were making progress with highly improved version of aircraft to overcome the shortage of horsepower . One of such advancements was 1912 Monocoque racer made by French firm which also designed the French SPAD fighter for WWI . The designer Louis basically created a smooth and frameless fuselage which was formed from a thin wooden sheet to give the aircraft lower weight and higher strength
However one problem was the creation of gluing layers which made the construction process slow making it unsuitable for mass production but the airplane was able to achieve a speed of 174 kph in 1913 which was a great achievement in its time . These new early airplanes were dominated by conventional wood and cloth and had the ability to carry more weight and damage the enemy frontlines (during the war . One major shift in the aircrafts was to get rid of traditional kite like construction which was possible due to WW1 which pushed the mass production instead of the experiments in aircrafts . The method of design was a technique called semi-monocoque ” which helped in creating mass productions for WWI war needs while there were also experiments with metal tubing to replace the wooden frames and sheet metals etc . One such example was series of fighters using semi-monocoque in 1916 designed by German Albatros Werke who used thin wooden sheets of plywood with a light wooden frame giving a clean appearance to the early air -fighters
During WWI a variety of aircraft engineers and manufactures experimented in fuselage structured which helped to overcome and ultimately removal of the wooden frame structures . Fokker which was one the major supplier of German air fighters replaced
wooden frame with steel tubes . The early Fokker war planes used wire braced steel tube construction which helped in skinning the aircraft WWI in truly initiated the… [banner_entry_footer]
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