Essay Title: 

how hip-hop holds blacks back

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in english, literature and language

Critical Analysis of How Hip-Hop Holds Blacks Back

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There is much controversy nowadays regarding the effect music has on the youth of today . Studies of rock , heavy metal , rap , and hip-hop abound There seems to be no clear consensus , however . Many argue the damage done by violent , racist , sexist , homophobic lyrics set to excitable rhythms . Still others believe music has little to no effect on the behaviors of youth

How Hip-Hop Holds Blacks Back by John H . McWhorter is a commentary on the current state of black America , written [banner_entry_middle]

by a black American McWharton ‘s overall argument is that hip-hop is detrimental to the futures of black Americans . Black American youth find identity in music , often out of a dearth of representation in other forms of media Hip-hop , then , forms a bedrock of young black identity

McWhorter is a Fellow in Public Policy at the Manhattan Institute and an associate professor of linguistics at the University of California Berkeley . His emphasis on blacks taking responsibility for their own lives and not surrendering to the fictional entity of institutional racism ‘ often causes him to be labeled as a black conservative . This label seems apropos in the reading of How Hip-Hop Holds Blacks Back

McWharton reviews the history of rap and hip-hop in America . It is interesting to note that black Americans first found identity in the often soft , soulful melodies of R B and Soul : this while white America found identity in the gyrations of Elvis Presley . As white America began to slow their music down , black America demonstrated its distinction by speeding up music , beginning not as a growl from below but as happy party music ‘ McWharton believes that the violent attitudes of Malcolm X had an impact on the direction of black music In 1982 , The Message ‘ gave black youth a new message by adding lyrics that are more shocking and introducing life in the ghetto McWharton believes that the progression of rap and hip-hop all went downhill from there

Shocking lyrics from 80 ‘s and 90 ‘s rap and hip-hop were racist , violent homophobic , and sexist . Anyone who grew up in urban America during the eighties won ‘t soon forget the young men strolling down streets blaring this sonic weapon from their boom boxes , with defiant glares daring anyone to ask them to turn it down

Music videos from the 90 ‘s visually reinforced the hip-hop image of ghetto life , of violence , drugs , and hopelessness . This carried over into the 2000 ‘s . With lyrics that normalize loud , profane language came cop killing and domestic abuse . McWharton states that these lyrics shaped , and continue to shape today , the images of normalcy for black youth

The arguments McWharton presents are generally effective . His history of rap and hip-hop logically follow changes in American society . One can see the thread that connects the lyrics of the music of the time to the social actions and ills of the time

McWharton also points to the proliferation of rap and hip-hop… [banner_entry_footer]

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