Essay Title: 

Hum 200 Logic

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in english, literature and language

Running Head : FALSE CAUSE

False Cause

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False Cause

QUESTION : Defense lawyers often explain the action of their clients by referring to their client ‘s own mistreatment as a child . These explanations may be committing which fallacy

A . Appeal to Force

B . Appeal to Inappropriate Authority

C . Appeal to Pity

D . False Cause

The false cause ‘ fallacy is often referred to by its Latin equivalent : post hoc ergo propter hoc . The most common translation of this Latin phrase is after this , therefore because [banner_entry_middle]

of this ‘ which hints at the nature of the false cause fallacy (Labossiere , 1995 . The confusion between the cause and effect relationship between two events is at the heart of this logical fallacy that may appear (intentionally or otherwise ) in the rhetorical mode of writing or speaking known as Argument

The attorney who argues that his client ‘s actions were the result of the client ‘s being mistreated when he /she was a child is positing that the cause of his client ‘s wrongdoing is a direct result of the mistreatment he received . This is a logical fallacy on several levels but the primary issue is that there is no proof beyond one event (i .e the client ‘s mistreatment during childhood ) preceding the other (i .e the client ‘s misbehavior during adulthood ) to connect the two

The attorney ‘s argument is similar to the following : two people are inside of a house , and one of the people walks outside . A few minutes later , the person who left the house walks back inside and is soaking wet . The person who remained inside connects the two events and concludes it must be raining outside . While it is true that the person who walked out was dry when he /she left and wet when he /she returned there is no actual proof that it is raining outside in truth , the person who went outside got caught in some sprinklers not in a rainstorm

The false cause is also the driving force behind a number of superstitious actions . For

example , the athlete who refuses to shave because his team won their first game of the season on

the day he skipped shaving suddenly believes that the two events are connected and that shaving

might lead to the team ‘s return to its losing ways

Reference

Labossiere , M . C (1995 . Fallacy : Post Hoc . In The Nizkor Project Retrieved October 11 , 2006 from http /www .nizkor .org /features /fallacies /post-hoc .html

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