Essay Title: 

Indian influence

March 20, 2016 | Author: | Posted in history, native-american studies

INDIAN INFLUENCE

This aims to discuss the question of to what extent the Indians have influenced place names and the vocabulary of American English

Considering that Native American Indians are the oldest people in America , it is natural that their language and culture have had some influence upon the development of American English , as well as upon place names in America . It is believed that the first Native Americans arrived during the last ice-age , approximately 20 ,000 – 30 ,000 years ago

There are a great number of American place names , including those [banner_entry_middle]

of large cities and states , which have been named after Indian words – it ‘s estimated that at least half of the states get their names from Indian words

These include Arizona , which comes from the Indian word Arizonac , which means little spring or young spring . Arizona has a history rich in legends of pertaining to the West . Here Indian chiefs HYPERLINK “http /www .factmonster .com /cgi-bin /id /A0820649 ” Geronimo and HYPERLINK “http /www .factmonster .com /cgi-bin /id /A0812724 ” Cochise led the fight against the frontiersmen . HYPERLINK “http /www .factmonster .com /cgi-bin /id /A0849005 ” Tombstone , Arizona was the site of the most famous shootout in the West , this being the gunfight at the HYPERLINK “http /www .factmonster .com /cgi-bin /id /A0816550 ” O .K . Corral . Names of other states influenced by the Indians include Arkansas which comes from the Quapaw Indians , Iowa , which probably comes from an Indian name meaning this is the place ‘ or the Beautiful Land , Oklahoma , which is from two Choctaw Indian words meaning red people , and Wyoming , which is from the Delaware Indian word meaning mountains and valleys alternating , just like the Wyoming Valley in Pennsylvania

It can therefore be seen that the influence of American Indians has had quite a large impact on the naming of places in America

The vocabulary of American English has also been quite profoundly impacted . In a similar way that thousands of place names have been impacted by Indian words , so have many US English words have their roots in American Indian . These help in making the language the rich cultural affair that it is today , and include not only words such as HYPERLINK “http /www .info .com /ipd /A0696569 .html ” tomahawk from the Virginia Algonquian “tamahaac , HYPERLINK “http /www .info .com /ipd /A0698069 .html ” totem from the Ojibwa “nindoodem ” my totem , HYPERLINK “http /www .info .com /ipd /A0731027 .html ” wampum from the Massachusetts “wampumpeag , HYPERLINK “http /www .info .com /ipd /A0738208 .html ” wigwam from the Eastern Abenaki “wik ‘wom ” but also HYPERLINK “http /www .info .com /ipd /A0540875 .html ” moccasin from the Virginia Algonquian HYPERLINK “http /www .info .com /ipd /A0543418 .html ” moose from the Eastern Abenaki “mos , HYPERLINK “http /www .info .com /ipd /A0577345 .html papoose from the Narragansett “papoos ” child , HYPERLINK “http /www .info .com /ipd /A0581528 .html ” pecan from the Illinois “pakani ” which are used with relevance to everyday American things

The word “Podunk ” meant to describe an insignificant town out in the middle of… [banner_entry_footer]

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