Inequality and Access to Knowledge, by Linda Darling-Hammond
Linda Darling-Hammond ‘s (1990 ) article on the inequality and access to knowledge in the American educational system presents the structures and functions that have perpetuated and led to the present inequality to access to education for minority students . Her discussion begins with the structure of inequality , the role of money , access to good teaching tracking and the rationing of curriculum which has all contributed to the inequality of access to educations , she ends her discussions with suggestions on policy changes that would promote equality in education This will present a critical summary [banner_entry_middle]
of the article based on the author ‘s claims and arguments
The structure of inequality in US education
Darling-Hammond traces the history of inequality of access to education in America , she argues that inequality have been woven into the social structure of American societies due to the discrimination of minority groups , most especially the exclusion and segregation of Blacks from mainstream schools . She also presents convincing statistics on the discrepancies of educational attainment between minority groups of African Americans and Hispanics compared to Americans in general Moreover , the unequal distribution of educational opportunities has been caused by the inequality in funding of schools in the country . The amount of money allocated in educating a student in each school can spell the difference with the quality of education . The disparities in educational funding have been brought to courts and have enjoined positive response wherein the court ed massive reallocation of school resources . She however counters that even with the court s in reality , the difference in resources in schools have not improved she substantiates it by citing student responses as reported by Kozol (1991 ) in Savage Inequalities . On the other hand , the difficulty in establishing the legality of school funding has also added to the problem of inequality , the courts decisions have been inconsistent depending on the arguments presented by the concerned parties . Lastly she reported that a popular sentiment at that time was that money did not make any difference in the academic performance of students Darling-Hammond convinces the reader that inequality in access to education between minority groups and white Americans have existed for a long time and that despite measures to correct this , it is too much ingrained in our social structure , for her inequality have been caused by discrimination against minorities , the school funding system and the lack of uniform state policies for educational funding . The author is right about how pervasive inequality in access to education is in our society , and she has exhaustively discussed it with sound researches and reports to justify it
How money makes a difference
In this section , the author counters the popular view that money does not help or improve students ‘ academic performance . She presented the popular report of Coleman (1966 ) which says that school funding does not affect school achievement which she counters with the research of Ferguson (1991 ) that found that quality teachers significantly improve academic performance , and the problem is that in to hire… [banner_entry_footer]
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