Essay Title: 

Is it appropriate for schools to have on-site health clinics that distributes condoms to students?

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in health and medicine, healthcare

THE APPROPRIATENESS OF SCHOOL-BASED HEALTH CENTERS (SBHCS ) AS CONDOM DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS

INTRODUCTION

School on-site health clinics or what are more popularly known as school-based health centers (SBHC ) are gradually gaining wider acceptance and are being incorporated into typical healthcare channels These centers are increasingly becoming visible as frontline providers of not only key services but also preventive health services to the youth sector in the country . However , discussions have been heating up most especially as these SBHCs are on the rise and shall continue to do so in the future [banner_entry_middle]

. The most debated issue was whether the SBHCs should also provide contraceptives and family planning services to students

At present , concerned parties – the educational institutions , parents and healthcare professionals have yet to come to grips or reach a consensus regarding the appropriateness of SBHCs in providing contraceptives like condoms to students and youths who are sexually active

BACKGROUND ON SBHCs

SBHCs are a budding and ground-breaking approach that aims to service the basic medical needs of the underprivileged youth sector . As the national healthcare evolved throughout the years , it has resulted in a reevaluation of its delivery channels and in its methodologies in providing necessary healthcare to the underserved in a manner that is sustainable and cost-effective . It was pointed out by initial studies that schools are ideal locations for primary and preventive health-care services that can address and reach this economic segment (Friedrich 1999

Aside from essential services (preventive services , health education maintenance , first aid , mental services , basic laboratory tests , etc reproductive health care is also among the fundamental objectives that SBHCs aim to address – principally the need to lower the rates of teenage pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs . Many SBHCs now provide sex education programs and provides access to contraceptives , including condoms , pregnancy /abortion counseling and STD /HIV examinations and treatment (Friedrich , 1999

The establishment of SBHCs was initiated in the late sixties in the cities of Dallas (Texas ) and Cambridge (Massachusetts . The initial success of the SBHCs was due to the improved convenience of having healthcare services onsite , thus improving not only access but also lowering expenditures (Friedrich , 1999

Due to their initial success , these services were also introduced in Colorado , to service the healthcare needs of migrant farmers ‘ offspring The number of SBHCs continues to rise dramatically for the past decades The dramatic increase in the number of SBHCs , especially in the early Eighties can be attributed to the initial funding that was provided by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation . In the early 1980s , their number was around 150 and as of 1999 , 1 ,200 centers were existing in the 45 states of the United States nearly half are situated in high schools and the remaining half are located at primary and middle schools (Friedrich , 1999

KNOWN ISSUES AGAINST SBHCs

The continuing trend in the increase and development SBHCs are interconnected with present and ongoing policies being enforced by the national , state and local government . Organized groups and concerned organizations also have an impact on… [banner_entry_footer]

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