Essay Title: 

Job Satisfaction

March 17, 2016 | Author: | Posted in labor studies, social sciences

Job Satisfaction as a Critical Source of Commitment to Organization

One of the leading challenges which human resources management faces in today ‘s business environment is implementing efficient human capital strategies to improve work performance and accountability . Although researchers point out there is no consistent relationship between job satisfaction and individual performance , it is consistent evidence that low job satisfaction results in absenteeism , reduced commitment to organizations , turnover , and stress (Abraham 206 . The purpose of this study is to scrutinize these factors , define their importance for different groups of employees , and [banner_entry_middle]

explore their impact on individual ‘s commitment to organization

Job satisfaction is an attitude that individuals maintain about their jobs developed from their perceptions of these jobs . Scholars propose five critical dimensions for assess of it : the job itself , pay promotion opportunities , supervision , and co-workers (Pool 272 Hellman ascertains that job satisfaction is a combination of cognitive and affective reactions to the differential perceptions of what an employee wants to receive compared with what he /she actually receives (678

In organizations , individual reactions to pay and compensation policies job complexity , and working conditions are contingent on perceptions of equity or fairness in distribution of rewards . Thus , firms seeking to reduce system inequity should promote realistic expectations of both pay and working conditions , particularly at the time of employment (Abraham 213 . Here a system of high involvement , strong rewards , and high levels of skill and information , integrated with a corporate strategy is capable of impressive improvements in organizational performance , as high-involvement companies tend to have lower turnover , and show higher job satisfaction as well (Levine 81

A leader ‘s behavior or leadership style may influence the subordinate ‘s job satisfaction . Leadership behavior is defined as the ability of a leader to influence subordinates in performing at the highest level within an organizational framework (Kim 234 . Scholars define two styles for leadership behavior : initiating structure and consideration . The former involves behavior in which the leader organizes and defines the relationships in the group . The latter means behavior which indicates friendship and respect between the leader and other subordinates (Pool 273 . The results of studies testify there is a positive relationship between the consideration style and job satisfaction , while a negative relationship is found in case of initiating structure behavior (Kim 236

As studies of different groups of employees show there is a difference in job perception between them . Nevertheless , recent studies noted little difference between women and men in the size of the association between job and life satisfaction in Western countries (Cramer 266 although sex differences in job satisfaction have long been believed to affect job satisfaction , and so far research findings are inconsistent However , some studies have shown that while women have made some progress from equal employment opportunity laws , many still perceive they are being treated unfairly concerning personnel matters . They also believe that they have to overcome more barriers than their male counterparts (Ting 315 . Consequently , it seems reasonable to expect that a perception of inequality can… [banner_entry_footer]

Comments Off on Job Satisfaction

Author:

This author has published 9190 articles so far. More info about the author is coming soon.

Comments are closed.