Essay Title: 

Knowledge Acquisition

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in english literature, literature and language

Knowledge Acquisition

Knowledge is obtained through different sources . Personal experiences tradition , authority and intuition are factors in helping one acquire knowledge . In the human services discipline , these areas are essential in learning how knowledge is attained . Carper ‘s (1978 ) four types of knowledge best explain how personal experiences , tradition , authority and intuitions are essential in knowledge acquisition

First and foremost , ethical knowledge pertains to moral issues and one ‘s judgment based on professional principles and values . Intuition usually tells an individual when an action or event is deemed acceptable by [banner_entry_middle]

society or not . In the field of human services , it is important to know what is morally good and bad and this can be considered as the strength of ethical knowledge . It helps a human services practitioner determine the action that would result to the improvement of the person ‘s well-being . However , this is contrary to the characteristics of science which entitles one to be objective wherein biases or value judgments are removed from the scientific process . Human services is a science wherein knowledge is obtained through systematic observations (Monette , Sullivan De Jong in Hutchison , 2003

Second , aesthetic knowledge is concerned with the art of the disciplines . These arts may be in the form of a systematic process that a practitioner follows in her field (Carper in Walsh and Wigens , 2003 In this case , it can be perceived that the discipline of human services is rigid and static . On the contrary , as a science , it is an open-ended practice wherein discoveries and ideas continue to occur over time Tradition best exemplifies this case wherein negates the idea that remains the same over time rather , it is dynamic

Third , personal knowledge is obtained from one ‘s experiences and interactions with his environment (Carper in Walsh and Wigens , 2003 Personal experiences help one acquire values and biases that he applies to his daily life . It can be argued that personal knowledge cannot be a basis for knowledge because it is not systematic and not based on empirical findings . However , in the discipline of human services , this type of knowledge is essential in understanding behavior and actions of individuals

Lastly , empirical knowledge is based on observations and experimentations . In other words , it is founded on hard data and it is considered a fact . It is acknowledge that the field of human services is a science that strongly relies on empirical data . Since it is such , it is also a transformative process or a never-ending cycle that is constantly tested and questioned (Monette , Sullivan De Jong in Hutchison , 2003 . Facts and information are constantly updated in to make them more accurate and correct . This is needed in the field of human services because human behavior actions and their meanings are not static

Overall , the four types of knowledge that is applied in the discipline of human services complements and is further reinforced by the characteristics of science . Its being a science does not contradict knowledge acquisition , rather , it strengthens the field in terms… [banner_entry_footer]

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