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Literature Review

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in management, mathematics and economics

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Homeless Youth Sexual Behavior

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[The name of the institution appears here] Literature Review In the past , formidable research has been conducted to study the sexual behavior of homeless youth which can be used to develop intensive and long-term services and programs which can provide alternatives for survival to the youth who are on their own . In this regard a study by Tyler Johnson examined the circumstances surrounding a homeless youth ‘s “decision ” to trade [banner_entry_middle]

sex for food , money , shelter , or drugs (Tyler Johnson 2006 . Forty homeless youth in 4 Midwestern states participated in individual , in-depth qualitative interviews Interviewers recruited youth through both service agencies and street outreach . The findings revealed that approximately one third of the sample had some experience with trading sex , whether it was in the form of having traded sex , having been propositioned to trade sex but having refused , or having friends or acquaintances that had traded sex . Young people ‘s reports indicated that they had traded sex for things they deemed necessary in to survive (i .e , food , shelter , money , or drugs ) and that they did not want to trade sex , but did so because they were desperate and lacked alternatives . Additionally , others were coerced , manipulated , or forced to do so , indicating that the decision to trade sex is not always voluntary (Tyler Johnson 2006 . The study further adds to the literature by providing information on the circumstances surrounding trading sex , the nature of the interaction (i .e , voluntary vs . coerced , and the role that partners and peers play in the youth ‘s decision to trade sex (Tyler Johnson 2006 . Future qualitative studies on homeless youth are needed to delve more deeply into the process of trading sex and to understand the nuances associated with voluntary versus coercive sex . Many young homeless people are initially exploited in their families , as well as later within the context of life on the street . These early negative familial relations in conjunction with the emotional and physical damage caused by homelessness in general , and trading sex in particular , may have cumulative effects on their later development , resulting in long-term physical and psychological problems (Tyler Johnson 2006 . Finally given their lack of resources and their coercive relationships with partners and peers , trading sex is likely to remain a viable , although damaging , way for homeless youth to survive

Another similar study by Greene Ennet provide support for the assumption that survival sex is an economic survival strategy linked to the circumstances and duration of homelessness (1 ) the finding that a higher proportion of street youths than of shelter youths had engaged in survival sex (although demographic differences between the samples account for some of the difference (2 ) the finding that the behavior was more prevalent among shelter youths with previous street experiences than among those without such experiences (3 ) the positive relationship between participation in survival sex and length of time away from home and… [banner_entry_footer]

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