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Paleolithic Cave Art

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in art

Running Head : Paleolithic Cave Art Drawings of Altamira Spain and Lascaux France

Paleolithic Cave Art Drawings : Altamira Spain and Lascaux France

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Paleolithic or “Old Stone Age ” is a term used to define the oldest period in the human history . The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic literally means `old stone ‘ from the Greek word `paleos ‘ meaning old and `lithos meaning stone . It began approximately about 2 .5 million years ago , from the use of first stone tools until the end of the last glacial period about 13 [banner_entry_middle]

,000 years ago . The people of this period are classified as hunter and gatherers because agricultural cultivation was only developed until 8 ,000 years ago . Although human beings learned how to stand up and walk on two feet about 4 million years ago , it was not until 40 ,000 years ago that art was probably invented . The first art objects were not created just to adorn the human body or to beautify the caves that humans lived in . The oldest surviving art objects are tiny sculptures of animals and people made from bone , ivory , stone or antlers , and they were created to control or appease the forces of nature . These objects are so accomplished and artistically created that scholars believe they must be the result of an artistic tradition that was already existing thousands of years before . Paleolithic Art , produced from about 32 ,000 to 11 ,000 years ago , falls into two main categories : Portable Pieces and Cave Art . The portable art was carved out of bone , antler , or stone , or modeled in clay . It has been found in much of Europe , in Northern Africa , and in Siberia . The other category , cave art , was discovered primarily in northern Spain and southern France . It takes the form of paintings , drawings , and engravings on cave walls . This research aims to present Paleolithic Cave Art Drawings , in particular , the caves of Altamira , Spain and Lascaux , France


The earliest discoveries of Paleolithic Art were made around 1835 in France and Switzerland . At first it was believed that the paintings and artifacts were created by the Celts because it was then thought that humans had only existed on earth about 4 ,000 years . In the 1860s , French paleontologist Edouard Lartet found portable decorated objects in caves and rock shelters in southwestern France . The objects were recognized as ancient by their proximity to Stone Age tools and the bones of Ice Age animals . The discoveries triggered a craze for digging in caves in search of objects , but little attention was paid to the drawings on the walls . When more and more artifacts and cave paintings were discovered it was recognized that some of the animals depicted , such as the wooly rhino and the mammoth , had long been extinct in Europe . The carved bones , artifacts and engraved representations were found in the same rock layers with bone remains of the animals represented . Thus scientists concluded that the human race is much older than… [banner_entry_footer]

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