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perspective on social sciences

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in psychology, social sciences

Perspective on Social Sciences

Define the meaning of the 5 social sciences

1 . Political Science is traditionally defined as the study of the state and the elements of the state which include the people , territory government and sovereignty . Encyclopedia Britannica (2006 ) defines Political Science as the systematic study of governance by the application of empirical and generally scientific methods of analysis The Columbia Encyclopedia (2004 ) describes it as the study of government and political processes , institutions , and behaviors

Among its most prominent subfields are political theory , which comprises the study [banner_entry_middle]

of the history of political thought the examination of questions of justice and morality in the context of individual , social and governmental relationships and the formulation of conceptual approaches and models so as to understand political and governmental processes national government , which comprises the study of a particular country including constitutional systems and institutions the relationship among branches of government , individual , and other social and political groups and proposals to improve governmental structures and policy Comparative government which comprises the same subjects as national government but in relation to other countries regions or time periods international relations , which comprises the study of international law , diplomacy , political economy , international organizations , and other forms of relationship between nation states (The Columbia Encyclopedia 2004 . Political Science , as such , is crucial in understanding the laws , policies and systems of particular territories and governments and even of the international community

2 . Economics is the study of how human beings allocate scarce resources to produce various commodities and how those commodities are distributed for consumption among the people in society ( Economics . According to Encyclopedia Britannica (2006 , economics is the social science that examines the production , distribution and consumption of goods and services , along with the allocation of resources , within society

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Economics also seeks to understand how economies work and the relationship between primary economic players and institutions Economics , however , is based primarily on the limits or scarcity of resources such that the wants and needs of the society will always surpass the available resources and thus require good choices and decisions to be made . Factors to be considered in making such choices include what is produced , how it is produced , how much will be produced who it will be produced by , and how it will be distributed . The relative cost of producing and distributing goods and services and the inter action between buyers and sellers will affect the economic system . The importance of economics as a social science is that it addresses the concern over the limited or scarce resources in such a manner that the efficient and equitable manner of the distribution and allocation of these resources is its primary concern

Economics is more popularly divided into two branches : microeconomics which explains how the interplay of supply and demand in competitive markets creates a multitude of individual prices , wage rates , profit margins , and rental changes (Encarta , 2006 and macroeconomics , which examines an economy in an aggregate level comprising such… [banner_entry_footer]

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