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March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in philosophy, social sciences

In a time where it was momentarily thought that philosophy had come to a standstill , a single man had emerged to give events a swift hastening This man ‘s name was Husserl , who was the first among philosophers after Modernity to have the novel idea of organizing the world in layers showing how our perception was attuned to those layers , and yet remain faithful to the philosophical progress of the prior centuries . Here are the main terms of Husserl explained : through them , we may gain an understanding of how he achieved this extraordinary [banner_entry_middle]


The natural attitude of Husserl is best explained through our perception . As a given , we perceive a world around us , with all and any objects that fill it . This is the very first mode of our being : as Husserl says , just there for us . This is the very beginning of our consciousness , the very first thing we cannot doubt , the thing we cannot imagine conciousness without . Yet at no time do we perceive everything that happens around us – we have eyes only on our face , and our hearing is only so sharp . We can , however , focus our perception on particular objects , which is precisely how we live most of the time . While I type this , I see the screen and little around it . Yet , to perceive the object , we must also fill in the blanks of circumstance around us . For instance , the computer need stand on something – in this case , a table A table must be somewhere : my room . The room is in a building , the building is on a street , and so on . This list stretches on up until we can say We don ‘t know . This is where determinate reality ends , and an indeterminate one begins . Our perception actually stretches into infinity , and the amazing thing about it is that it does so all of the time , whether we are aware of it or not . This last phrase is key . If we are aware of a possibility of something , we may focus our consciousness on it – luckily for us , the process of concentration does not differ for imaginary objects and real objects . These areas , usually imperceptible but possible to our perception , can be called layers ‘ or worlds and can be accessed only when we are aware of them , or , as Husserl says have an attitude towards them . But when we are not aware of other possibilities , only one , more-or-less stable , world remains to us . To perceive it is natural : we do so from the moment of our birth . In most cases of perception of other worlds , we also remain in the natural world at the same time – while we may be solving a math problem , we are still sitting in the classroom . And through the worlds do not influence each other really , are not connected , we are what connects them . Being in the natural attitude , then , is perceiving this world that is by default assigned to us , and actively relating to it , and the… [banner_entry_footer]



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