Essay Title: 

Politics in Nigeria (Summuary Essay)

March 23, 2016 | Author: | Posted in international relations, social sciences

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Politics in Nigeria

27 September , 2006 The struggle for identity and the fight against oppression has always lodged in the hearts of the Nigerian populace . Aborisade and Mundt revealed that Nigerian politics stands out as one of the most complex and volatile systems in the world . The annals of its history cannot dismiss the ultimate effects of tribal rivalry over the displacement of its social structure for another ‘s gain . Its pre-colonial culture boasted of its own sophisticated and influential society engaged in [banner_entry_middle]

br trading networks extending across the Sahara . The abolition of the slave trade later paved the way for an agricultural boom in its palm oil resource from the west coast spinning Western society ‘s lust for Nigeria ‘s rich natural resources . British colonizers soon drove cultural minorities to adapt to their rule as they aggressively strengthened their stance to establish a foothold over northern Nigeria in the 1900 Composed mainly of ethnic groups accounting for almost 80 of its population , they were forced to welcome the British colonialist rule while equally striving to maintain their distinct way of life Traditional native rulers continued to reign under British supervision that later in 1947 established a new Nigerian constitution pushing for a federal system of government that divided the country into three important regions : Eastern , Western and Northern . Perhaps its dramatic history could help us understand the changing character of Nigerian politics Composed of 374 ethnic groups under a small geographic location religious extremism is also present according to Putnam . Such differences coupled with the imagined belief of favoritism and direct contact with the British in the South and West in terms of education created a certain distinction that separated each group in terms of ideas . Nationalist sentiment no sooner demanded continuous prayer for the repeal of the 1947 constitution paving the way for a ministerial government in 1951 . Led by Dr . Nnamdi Azikiwe , as instigator for independence along with the leaders of the National Council for Nigeria and Cameroon , the federal states became self-governing in 1954 . However conflicting demands for autonomy by various groups compelled the British to agree to a compromise on the role of a federal government gaining control on defense , military , national trade custom duties , finance and banking in Aborisade and Mundt (1998 . The continuous struggle for independence was later achieved as the Federation of Nigeria realized its long-time goal of independence on 1 October 1960

After the proclamation of independence in Oct . 1960 , Nigeria was under civilian rule until the assumption of Dr . Azikiwe , who took office as Nigeria ‘s first President and changed the constitution . Threats to federal unity soon developed brought about by ethnic rivalry factionalism and the desire for autonomy within the federal system . This further led to the formation of various political groups and alliances that waged protests and was usually suppressed by the Nigerian federal army . Protests were brought about by a widespread concern on the economic disparities and the visible sign of corruption among… [banner_entry_footer]

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