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Public Administration & Democracy

March 17, 2016 | Author: | Posted in communications and media, public relations

Public Administration and Democracy

Though the Watergate scandal and popular movement against the Vietnam war may have added momentum to his ideas , one cannot but admire Dwight Waldo for his courage and foresight in expressing forceful arguments in favor of ethical accountability of administrators , as early as 1968 (Wright , 1989 . Weber inadvertently perhaps , lent some prior weight to Dwight Waldo ‘s contention that democracy and bureaucracy might not always be compatible (Suleiman , 2003 . Waldo was clear that a bureaucracy could not afford to hide behind rules and procedures at times when large [banner_entry_middle]

sections of society were fretting in the face of hardships at ground zero (Lynch and Dicker , 1997 . Eminent scholars have credited Dwight Waldo with the thought of modeling public administration and governance along commercial and corporate lines (Suleiman , 2003 Third world countries suffer from unresponsive bureaucracies : there is considerable opposition to aid for Africa because of widespread doubts that resources granted may not reach target communities . Even the UN program to provide Iraqis under desperately needed food and medicine against oil revenues , is under a cloud . This is due in large part to the straightjacket in which the world body has to operate and Saddam Hussein ‘s ignominious hold on bureaucracy during his regime

Chester Barnard is widely recognized for his contributions to organization theory (Williamson 1999 . He always stood for organizations being responsive to the environment . Barnard postulated that employees joined and stayed with organizations because of the net benefits they perceived . Employees will respond to increased pressures of authority as long as their inducements are proportionate . There is confluence between the works of Dwight Waldo and Chester Barnard , since both seek to make organizations accountable , effective , and responsive

The National Health Service in the United Kingdom is a concrete example of how the views of Waldo and Barnard harmoniously for glorious results (Agenda for Change , 2005 . We do not know whether the Department of Health in the UK studied the works of Waldo and Barnard , but the manner in which the National Health Service now functions , reflects the essential concepts of both scholars

The National Health Service started in the UK in 1948 . It provided much-needed succor to common people who had suffered neglect and much hardship for generations . Things went well until the mid-1970s when the Government began to impose stringent resource restrictions on the NHS Patient waiting times began to climb and the issue emerged at the political forefront as the 20th century ended

The Department of Health responded by forming teams at hospitals that were focused on local community needs . Doctors and nurses formed enthusiastic teams with administrators and managers , to use resources to optimum effect , and to concentrate on meeting priority needs of patients . New contracts for all categories of personnel have copious reward for performance . The `New Way of Working ‘ has rescued the NHS from a morass . It has the potential to transform the UK Department of Health in to one of the best in the world . The NHS has proved… [banner_entry_footer]

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