Essay Title: 

REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES and GENETICS

March 16, 2016 | Author: | Posted in chemistry, life sciences

REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES and GENETICS

2005

I . Challenge of Genetics Invention

During the 20th century , people all over the world were surprised by the breakthrough in biotechnology that enables us to multiply the live being who shares exactly the same physical characteristics Multiplication process , which we recognize as cloning , can bear a child who has physically similar to his origin by conducting non-sexual intercourse

Since then , many scientific and technological publications often generate issues regarding technical and ethics of cloning . This is common situation because since prehistoric age issues concerning [banner_entry_middle]

br invention in science and technology always invite pros and cons

Concerning the situation , people are to highlight and question the ethics of the so-called genetics engineering . Majority of them , the cons , look into the idea of genetics engineering like cloning as something that ugly , rubbish , and meddle the God ‘s authority (Reaves 2000

From intellectual point of view , cloning technology threats marriage and potentially breaks the enchain clan if such technology become legal This is because cloning will cause the born baby does not know who his parents are

From another point of view , there are also some pros supporting the implementation of cloning technology . They support a notion that if cloning applied at human being , it represents a glorious and big efficacy for the benefit of human being . Whichever side we might stand the emerging genetics technology has answered some challenges that deal with health , life , and death . Human Genome Project is one of many projects deal with such issue

Human Genome Project that ended in 2003 was initiatives supported by the U .S . Department of Energy and the National Institute of Health . The 13-year project works hand-in -hand with partners coming from Japan France , Germany , China , and others (` HYPERLINK “http /www .ornl .gov /sci /techresources /Human_Genome /home .shtml ” Human Genome Project Information

The aims of the project includes identifying the approximately 20 ,000-25 ,000 genes in human DNA , finding out the sequences of the 3 billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA , and addressing ethical , legal , and social issues (ELSI ) that may arise from the project (` HYPERLINK “http /www .ornl .gov /sci /techresources /Human_Genome /home .shtml ” Human Genome Project Information

In line with the human genome project , in this , we will discuss ethical principles and address the privacy concerns raised by the development of reproductive engineering and genetics technology

II . Ethical Principles of Reproductive Technologies and Genetics

In general , Margaret F A Otlowski and Robert Williamson (2003 ) explain that there are four ethical principles that are related to health care respect autonomy , beneficence , non-maleficence , and promote justice . In the case of reproductive technologies , we will discuss the role of two principles , respect autonomy and beneficence

In the respect autonomy , the principle underlines the important to educate , communicate , respect , and empower . We found that autonomy becomes sensitive issues in genetics engineering since it is both important and controversial . The importance of genetics engineering has been found to play significant role in today ‘s health care… [banner_entry_footer]

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