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Smoking Ban

March 18, 2016 | Author: | Posted in communications and media, information campaign

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Smoking Ban

SEQ CHAPTER \h \r 1 Government regulation for smoking can be vindicated in most ways . Smoking is linked with market failures such as negative externalities and flawed information among market participants and these failures provide one basis for government intervention Another is the huge health care cost linked with the health consequences of smoking . The cost of medical treatment for smokers and second-hand smokers drives up health insurance premiums for everyone , despite smoking participation in addition , many of these expenses [banner_entry_middle]

are paid from public funds “Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health (Public Law 89-92 15 , USC

For anti smoking forces , the requisite that cigarette maker comprises a warning on the packages of their product was the opening barrage in their campaign against cigarette smoking . The underlying principal behind this warning label was only to remind cigarette smokers constantly that cigarette smoking was dangerous and therefore the cigarette smokers have to consider giving up the habit

Although the warning obligation was considered exceptionally mild another benefit , at least from the viewpoint of the anti smoking groups was that the government had finally consigned itself to an official position on the hazard of smoking . The issue had been brought to the congressional agenda and a victory had been won . For the first time , the tobacco lobby had been defeated . The enduring effect of this victory was to legitimize the smoking and health issue as an object for dynamic public policy experimentation and public debate

Basically , the use of public smoking bans as a measure to put off cigarette smoking is a recent phenomenon . Initially , these public smoking laws were passed to lessen the annoyance or nuisance of cigarette smoke for nonsmokers . Such restrictions normally regulate smoking in locations such as restaurants , retail stores , and at times the workplace

In 1998 , the government set a target to reduce the proportion of the adult population that smokes from 28 per cent to 24 per cent by 2010 – with a fall to 26 per cent by the year 2005 . The government also aims to reduce the proportion of pregnant women who smoke from 23 per cent to 15 per cent by 2010 ‘Smoking Kills , Tobacco White , December 1998

The support for smoking restrictions has been increasing since 1996 The percentage in favor of restrictions at work rose from 81 per cent in 1996 to 86 per cent in 2002 , in restaurants , from 85 per cent to 88 per cent , in pubs , from 48 per cent to 54 per cent , and in other public places (such as banks , post offices etc ) from 82 per cent to 87 per cent (Office for National Statistics ‘Smoking Related Behavior and Attitudes 2002

In 2003 , 50 per cent of workplaces were completely smoke-free , and 88 per cent had some form of smoking restriction in place (Source : Public Health White 2004

An estimated 1 ,000 people die every year as a result of passive smoking (BMA ‘The human cost… [banner_entry_footer]

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