Essay Title: 

Sociology- Prejudice

March 16, 2016 | Author: | Posted in human sexuality, social sciences

The direction , in which modern civil society is moving , gives hope that it is possible to reconsider stereotypical views and eliminate such phenomenon as prejudice . This opinion is a way too optimistic , however as it is deeply rooted in history and public opinion . The positive trend , which can be observed at this stage , is that prejudice has ceased being a taboo and is analyzed and highlighted . In the current I intend to observe the main forms of prejudice such as gender , racial and sexual prejudice and to what extent they still define the [banner_entry_middle]

way people think and act

Before going any further , it is worth examining how the term prejudice ‘ is defined in The Columbia Encyclopedia : unsubstantiated prejudgment of an individual or group , favorable or unfavorable in character , tending to action in a consonant direction . Some researchers attribute prejudice to deep-rooted “fear of the stranger while others cite religious or nationalist chauvinism , and fear of economic competition . Most , however , agree that prejudice is learned and can be reduced when members of different communities work together toward the realization of a common goal or when groups intermarry . Since prejudice and discrimination each contribute to the origin and growth of the other , prejudice can be reduced by removing discrimination , and a change in discriminatory institutions usually leads to a change in attitudes (38629 ) The above abstract makes a very important suggestion that within the realm of prejudice thought and action are closely interrelated , that ‘s why prejudice can be seen as a real challenge , if not danger , to democratic values of equality and human rights . So , let it be a working definition that prejudice is an unfair negative attitude toward a social group or a person perceived to be a member of that group

Let us now focus on the main forms of prejudice , which are most wide-spread in modern society . One of the most burning phenomena especially for the United States is the problem of racism . As Wikipedia states , racism has historically been defined as the belief that race is the primary determinant of human capacities , that a certain race is inherently superior or inferior to others , and /or that individuals should be treated differently according to their racial designation Sometimes racism means beliefs , practices , and institutions that discriminate against people based on their perceived or ascribed race (Wikipedia ) The phenomenon of racism overlaps to a large extent with that of nationalism , as the belief that your nation is superior in any way inevitably leads to the conclusions that some other nation ( or any other nation ) is inferior . When we speak of racism the first association which emerges is with the white against the black racism , or the so-called white supremacy theory . However , it is also possible to speak of anti-Semitism and other similar nationalistic theories in the same context because they have a similar base underlying them all . Different types of racism and xenophobia are equally based on superficial stereotypes about the representatives of one or another race or… [banner_entry_footer]

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