Essay Title: 

Spartacus Slave Rebellion

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in american literature, literature and language

Comparing the Sources of Spartacus ‘ Slave Revolt

Spartacus ‘ slave rebellion (73- 71 BC ) has become a symbol of ultimate resistance to a certain oppression . Aside from Spartacus , the leaders were Celts , Germans and Thracians , and unlike the Sicilian slaves their objective (insofar as it was not simply to plunder Italy ) was not to set up a Hellenistic monarchy , but to return to their tribal homelands

In fact , several people had presented the symbolisms of the rebellion that Spartacus led : In 1760 , the French tragedy Spartacus by Bernard-Joseph Saurin presented him as a [banner_entry_middle]

noble hero . This play , which was based on the story of Plutarch , is the origin of the modern positive image of the slave leader . Karl Marx , after reading Appian , was equally impressed by the Thracian gladiator . Since then , Spartacus has often been used as a symbol of emancipation : of the poor , of repressed nationalities (e .g , Bulgaria , and of the working class – especially in the Communist countries during the Cold War . After Kirk Douglas ‘ heroic nudity in Stanley Kubrick ‘s sentimental movie Spartacus (1960 , the gladiator became a symbol of the emancipation of male homosexuals (Lendering , n .d . All these impressions ultimately relied on four sources of the account of the rebellion that came from Plutarch , Florus Appian and Orosius . Although there have been obvious differences about the facts and bias of the writer , the story of Spartacus ‘ rebellion voiced out the thirst of slaves as they aimed for equality

The earliest and most descriptive narrative of Spartacus ‘ rebellion consists of four sections (8-11 ) of the biography of Crassus , written by Plutarch of Chaeronea (circa 45 A .D .-120 A .D ) in the last two decades or so of his life . The collection as a whole is educational and ethical in purpose , for Plutarch intended his portrayals of character to allow his readers to achieve virtue through imitating or avoiding (as appropriate ) the moral conduct of the great public figures of the past But because moral biography of an improving kind , with its concentration of focus on a single individual ‘s personality , encouraged a selective mode of writing rather than full historical analysis , and because information was drawn from vast reading and transmitted in part through reliance on memory , the modern historian cannot expect from Plutarch after all only incidental to Crassus from Plutarch ‘s point of view

The Crassus is a very imbalanced biography , more than half its contents comprising an account of the campaign against the Parthians in which Crassus lost his life . His grisly demise , which Plutarch elaborates with a dramatic of the delivery of Crassus ‘ head to the Parthian king , depended on an excess of ambition , one of Crassus ‘ two serious failings , the other being avarice . Crassus was clearly not for Plutarch a figure to emulate . Still , Plutarch has a grudging sympathy for him Crassus at least aimed high , and his death was not that of a coward poor judgment was the immediate cause of his downfall

The first two sections offer a… [banner_entry_footer]

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