Essay Title: 

Testing for peak & mean anaerobic power

March 18, 2016 | Author: | Posted in health and medicine, sport

Running Head : TESTING ANAEROBIC POWER

Testing for Peak and Mean Anaerobic Power

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Abstract

This research aims to define anaerobic performance as measured in anaerobic peak power , anaerobic mean power or anaerobic capacity and anaerobic fatigue . The biological process of anaerobic performance ‘s energy source is discussed at length in the introduction with a brief discussion of its significance towards the end . The next sections follow with discussion of the different testing methods , firstly of anaerobic peak power and anaerobic fatigue and secondly , of anaerobic [banner_entry_middle]

capacity (mean power . The concludes in a summary of what is gathered as the best method for testing anaerobic peak and mean power Works cited throughout the research is listed in the last two pages . Testing for Peak and Mean Anaerobic Power

Anaerobic capacity is the ability of an individual to perform a stressful activity without the aid of respiration , for a given period of time . To further understand the concept of anaerobic capacity , its origin , components and significance must be extensively discussed

The term anaerobic literally means without oxygen . This term derives meaning in entirety when compared to its counterpart , the word aerobic meaning with oxygen . The presence or absence of oxygen and its effect to exercise differentiates the two . In anaerobic condition , the human body is performing exercise without the aid of oxygen . While in aerobic condition , the body performs and sustains the performance with the aid of oxygen . Oxygen in itself does not provide the energy to propel highly stressful activity , but aids in the formation of a nucleotide called Adenosine Triphosphate or commonly called ATP ( Adenosine , Wiki

Wikipedia (2006 ) defines ATP as an energy-carrying molecule in the body which supplies energy through chemical reaction with cells within the body that require energy input . This energy source allows for muscle contraction , thus the ability to perform exercise or athletic activities . The same energy allows for other biological processes like the synthesis of proteins and renewal of ATP , but will not be the focus of discussion in this . ATP present in muscles undergoes hydrolysis . This chemical reaction produces three components , energy adenosine diphosphate (ADP , and inorganic phosphorus . Adenosine diphosphate can be further broken down to adenosine monophosphate (ADM inorganic phosphorus and more energy . To renew ATP , ADP (or ADM combines with inorganic phosphate found from the breakdown of carbohydrates , fats and sugar . ATP anabolism and catabolism occurs with our without oxygen , thus , two metabolic processes

The first metabolic process involves oxygen and is called aerobic . The formation of ATP is accomplished in the mitochondria , a basic cellular unit where respiration takes place ( Definition of . There , ATP synthase , a respiratory enzyme , combine inorganic phosphorus with ADP during the oxidation of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH another enzyme used as an oxidizing agent . This process , though seemingly chemical in nature , is actually electric , as hypothesized by Peter Mitchell in 1971 , meaning current produced in the process propel the very process it originates from . The chemical bond that gives… [banner_entry_footer]

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