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The New American History: Public Life in Industrial America 1877-1917

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in american history, history

The New American History : Public Life in Industrial America 1877-1917

The life of the Industrial American History between 1877-1917 , saw an unprecedented world of Gilded Age politics , which was characterized by partisan rallies and three-hour long declamations on the tariff schedules and monetary policy

The politics during 1877-1917 witnessed by historians was somewhat similar to the political life of today but the spirit and substance of Gilded Age politics was quite different . Politics was a national obsession and was open and vigorous because common people held the views and issues more [banner_entry_middle]

important and political parties represented divergent viewpoints . Men of every ethnic and racial background , and from every walk of life , overwhelmingly participated whole-heartedly in democracy This made Gilded Age politicians some of the greatest heroes and villains of the era

But the basic characteristic of that period was the corruption demagoguery , and meaningless issues , which were its primary characteristics that came from both contemporary sources and the professional scholarship of the early twentieth century . The whole period witnessed all new schemes of getting rich quickly and every imaginable corruption cropped up not only among the politicians but also among the common people

Even Matthew Josephson , in The Politicos , also claimed that there were no significant differences between the major parties . They all devolved into battles over trivial issues only with a motive to divert masses from the very real problems emerging from industrialization During that period , Voters believed that there were important ideological differences between the major parties . One was The Gilded Age Republican Party ‘ which was the party of nationalism , prosperity and moralism as compared to the democratic counterpart , the GOP which was the party of activist , big government . The Democratic Party was the party of Jeffersonian small government , non-interventionist laissez faire economic policies , states ‘ rights , and personal liberties Democrats received most of their support from ethnic and cultural “outgroups ” such as recent immigrants and white southerners but these groups felt threatened by the homogenizing influence of federal authority . There was also a party loyalty for both Democrats and Republicans , which became an act of group identity . The strong ideological stances of Gilded Age parties had been developed during the middle years of the century and were later solidified by the events of the Civil War

At that time the Government ‘s primary role was to distribute resources and privileges to identifiable groups . Special privileges , tax exemptions , and the right of eminent domain were bestowed upon the privilege few . At the federal level , there was the protective tariff subsidies , and dispersal of the public domain . Most of the Democrats opposed the tariff as a special privilege to the few , although the Northeastern wing of the party was divided on the issue whereas Republicans were more united . They frequently cover themselves in a blanket of patriotism and by formulating a National Economy , they protected the small entrepreneurs and also kept the wages of the service class high

Republicans seemed to be the part of the national government most of… [banner_entry_footer]

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