Essay Title: 

Two assemblies are essential in any system of government to ensure checks and balances on government power. Discuss.

March 23, 2016 | Author: | Posted in government, social sciences

America ‘s Two Assemblies

Introduction

The U .S . government is composed of a bicameral Congress . The first one is the Senate , which is represented equally by the states . The second one is the House of Representatives , which is represented by population This setup is proposed by the Connecticut Compromise , which combines the proposal of New Jersey and Virginia regarding the issues surrounding the creation of a new Congress . New Jersey , one of the smaller states insisted that each state should have equal representation in the Congress . But the Virginia Plan argued [banner_entry_middle]

that a legislature based on population is more fitting . So as a result , the two proposals were combined satisfactorily forming the two houses of the Congress (Lader 2002 , 55

The U .S . Senate , or the upper house , is bestowed with different powers one of which is the power to approve the laws and treaties created by the presidential or the executive branch of the government , as well as the ones coming from the lower house . It approves the laws and treaties by the virtue of two-thirds of votes of the whole Senate population . If that number is not reached , the law can be outwardly rejected , shelved or is requested to be amended (Powers and Procedures 2006 , 1

The lower house , or the House of Representatives , on the other hand , is bestowed the power to create bill which , in turn will turn into a law that the whole nation will follow , and eventually , benefit from . The House of Representatives meets to create bills and resolutions discusses them , and passes them on to the Senate for further review and ratification (The Legislative Process 2006 , 1

These are the basic functions of both the Houses . The functions of creating laws will be further discussed in this to show that these two assemblies are essential in any system of government to ensure checks and balances on government power

II . Making a Law

A bill starts from an idea of a person . It won ‘t matter if he is a part of the Congress , a social group or organization , or just a regular citizen . The idea then is brought to the House of Representatives so that they can hear out the pros and cons about it . A group especially designed to cater to the needs and the interest of that idea hears it For example , if the idea is about education , the House Committee on Education and the Workforce handles it . The law starts from a single thought that is processed and formed into a bill (Donovan 2004 , 6-11

All American law starts out this way – as a bill . A bill is a document that proposes an entirely new law or an amendment to an existing one The bill can be passed by any member of the Congress , even though the idea of making a law comes from government departments or from political parties , as announced in the party platforms during election campaigns A bill passed by a member of the House of… [banner_entry_footer]

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