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U.S. History, History of Vermont from 1600 to the Civil War

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in american history, history

History of Vermont from 1600 to the Civil War

Located in the northern-eastern part of the United State , in the New England region , Vermont is a state . In the land area this state ranks 43rd , with its area of 9250 sq miles , this is the smallest state among the 50 states of the United State . Vermont , the only state without coastline along the Atlantic Ocean , is famous for its green mountain . It is said that this state has been named after Verd Mont ‘ by the French explorer Samuel de Champlain , which actually means [banner_entry_middle]

Green Mountain , as this state is famous for its scenery , diary products and maple syrup Vermont is surrounded by Massachusetts to the south , New Hampshire to the east , New York to the west and Canadian provinces of Quebec to the north with its capital at Montpelier

Native American tribes were the original inhabitants of Vermont . First the territory of present day Vermont was claimed by France but after the defeat of France in the French and Indian war this territory went into the British possession and for many years the matter of rightful control was a subject of dispute

France claimed Vermont as part of New France , and erected Fort Sainte Anne on Isle La Motte in 1666 as part of the fortification of Lake Champlain (Crocket , Walter H ) This was the first European settlement in Vermont and the site of the first Roman Catholic Mass

During the latter half of the 17th century , non-French settlers began to explore Vermont and its surrounding area . In 1690 , a group of Dutch-British settlers from Albany under Captain Jacobus de Warm established the De Warm Stockade at Chimney Point This settlement and trading post was directly across Lake Champlain from Crown Point , New York In 1731 , the French arrived . Here they constructed a small temporary wooden stockade on what was Chimney Point until work on Fort St . Frydyric began in 1734 . The fort , when completed , gave the French control of the New France /Vermont b region in the Lake Champlain Valley and was the only permanent fort in the area until the building of Fort Carillon more than 20 years later Sir Jeffrey Amherst captured the fort . The French were driven out of the area and retreated to other forts along the Richelieu River . One year later a group of Mohawks burnt the settlement to the ground , leaving only chimneys , which gave the area its name

The first permanent British settlement was established in 1724 , with the construction of Fort Dummer in Vermont ‘s far southeast under the command of Lieutenant Timothy Dwight . This fort protected the nearby settlements of Dummerston and Brattleboro . These settlements were made by the Province of Massachusetts Bay to protect its settlers on the western b along the Connecticut River . The second British settlement was the 1761 founding of Bennington in the southwest

During the French and Indian War , some Vermont settlers , including Ethan Allen , joined the colonial militia assisting the British in attacks on… [banner_entry_footer]

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