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Understanding lab tests

March 19, 2016 | Author: | Posted in health and medicine, nutrition

Running Head : Understanding Lab Tests

Understanding Lab Tests (Author ‘s Name (Institution ‘s Name

Lipid Pro Defined

The lipid pro is a group of tests that are often ed together to determine risk of coronary heart disease . The tests that make up a lipid pro are tests that have been shown to be good indicators of whether someone is likely to have a heart attack or stroke caused by blockage of blood vessels

The lipid pro includes LDL-cholesterol , and triglycerides . Sometimes the report will include additional calculated values such as HDL [banner_entry_middle]

/Cholesterol ratio or a risk score based on lipid pro results , age , sex , and other risk factors

The lipid pro is used to guide providers in deciding how a person at risk should be treated . The results of the lipid pro are considered along with other known risk factors of heart disease to develop a plan of treatment and follow-up (NCEP , 2001

Studies reporting rates of lipid pros were examined from 11 studies with African Americans (Bell et al , 2001 Bernard et al , 1999 Chin et al , 1998 Gregg et al , 2001 Heisler et al , 2003 Martin et al , 1995 Massing et al , 2003 Narayan et al , 2003 Wisdom et al , 1997 Harris 2001 Saaddine et al , 2002 , 3 with American Indians (Acton et al , 2001 Harwell et al , 2002 Harwell et al , 2001 , and 4 with Hispanics (Martin et al , 1995 Brown et al , 2003 Harris , 2001 Saaddine et al , 2002 Three contained data for both African Americans and Hispanics (Martin et al , 1995 Brown et al , 2003 Harris , 2001 Saaddine et al , 2002 . There was wide variation in the percentage of ethnic group members among whom lipid pros were done . Of the 9 studies that compared rates with those among non-Hispanic whites , 6 found that minority populations received lipid pros less frequently than their white counterparts with the differences ranging from -3 .4 to as much as -19 (Harris 2001 Saaddine et al , 2002 . Three of these studies showed statistically significant differences . Harris and colleagues , using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III found an annual lipid-pro rate of 68 .1 among African Americans and 61 .8 among Hispanics , compared with 80 .8 among non-Hispanic whites , a difference of -12 .7 and -19 , respectively (Saaddine et al , 2002 .It is tested to screen for risk of developing heart disease . Adults should be tested once every five years or more frequently if you are being treated for high cholesterol

The test for cholesterol measures all cholesterol that is carried in the blood by lipoproteins

Most often a blood sample is collected from a vein in your arm Sometimes cholesterol is measured using a drop of blood collected by puncturing the skin on a finger . A fingerstick sample is typically used when cholesterol is being measured on a portable testing device – for example at a health fair . HYPERLINK “http /hin .nhlbi .nih .gov /atpiii /calculator .asp ?usertype prof ” \t “new Cholesterol is different from most tests… [banner_entry_footer]

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