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US history from 1865-1900

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in american history, history

US history from 1865-1900

Most Americans thought the war would not last long . Southerners thought that just one victory on the battlefield would force the Union to see that they were a separate nation now . Northerners believed that one victory would convince the Confederate states to return to the Union Northerners thought their victory would come easily . They had many advantages over the South . Besides , the north already had a government and an army , while the South had to start their own government and army in 1861 . The South , however , had hidden [banner_entry_middle]

advantages (Tindall , 1984 . For example , many of the best officers in the U .S . Army came from the South When the war began , many of these officers joined the rebels . These Southerners knew that the North would have to invade the South to fight the war . Soldiers tend to fight harder when they defend their own homes Fighting on home territory thus gave the South an advantage over the North . By the end of 1865 , the Union was also entirely slave-free (Bailey

Upon Lincoln ‘s assassination in April 1865 , the powers of his office fell upon Andrew Johnson of Tennessee . In many ways , Johnson ‘s life story was similar to that of Lincoln . He was self-educated and worked his way up through the political ranks and before the war he had reached the position of United States senator from Tennessee . Johnson had remained loyal to the Union when Tennessee seceded . Throughout his career , Andrew Johnson had performed his political tasks well . He had demonstrated integrity , sincerity and courage . Having risen from poverty himself , he was respected by many poor Southerners . Unfortunately President Johnson did not have the strong leadership qualities of his predecessor (Bancroft , 1956

Southern states adopted constitutions that complied with congressional stipulations and ratified the fourteenth amendment . Most of the Southern states were readmitted to the Union in 1868 , although federal troops were kept in the South for nearly a decade thereafter . In to further protect the voting rights of freedmen , Congress proposed the fifteenth amendment to the Constitution . The last several Southern states to be readmitted to the Union were required to ratify the fifteenth amendment as well as the fourteenth . Much of America ‘s steel business soon came under the control of a young entrepreneur named Andrew Carnegie . His venture into the building of iron bridges soon led him into the manufacture of iron . When he was convinced that the Bessemer process was the wave of the future , he entered the steel business . By early 1880s , he had joined forces with Henry C . Frick , and their company was the leading producer of iron and steel in the United States

Because so many changes took place in the South after the Civil War , it is often referred to as the New South . Agriculture became more diversified . Cotton remained the chief crop , but tenant farmers began to grow a wide variety of other crops as well . Other endeavors besides agriculture also became increasingly important in… [banner_entry_footer]

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