Essay Title: 

Vygotsky`s Sociocultural Theory

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in psychology, social sciences

Vygotsky ‘s Sociocultural Theory

1 . Introduction and Objective

Russian thinking in the early years of the twentieth century is mostly associated with Bolshevik literature and the communist ideology of Lenin , Trotsky and Stalin . The name of Lev Vygotsky does not evoke a familiar response from people other than students and teachers of psychology . Nevertheless , Vygotsky was one of the most prolific and original thinkers of his time and his work and theorising on social development and child psychology has drawn great appreciation and recognition in the west after his work was [banner_entry_middle]

first published there in 1962 . In 1978 , Stephen Toulmin , on reviewing Vygotsky ‘s book Mind in Society , called him ` HYPERLINK “http /lchc .ucsd .edu /People /MCole /lsv100rieber .pdf ” The Mozart of Psychology ‘ stating that his work had immense contemporary relevance (Offord , 2005

Vygotsky ‘s theories focus on the importance of culture , language and speech in a child ‘s development and the extent of stimuli he receives through the heard words and sentences of the people in his immediate environment . To him speech was as important as vision in the learning process of children and in the development of their minds . Vygotsky goes on to state that a child ‘s development is influenced greatly by the society and culture in which he grows up and his approach is thus called the socio-cultural approach . His theory applies primarily to mental development , incorporating thought , language and reasoning and is thought to develop through social interaction with others , primarily parents or parent substitutes . It thus represents the shared knowledge of the culture to which the child is born or belongs to

It is the purpose of this research assignment to study the theories of Vygotsky and attempt to analyse them in depth , particularly with reference to other contemporary or later theories , in to understand their relevance in today ‘s fast changing and computer dominated world . The computer today is available from very early ages practically from the beginning of a child ‘s consciousness and passes on a multicultural and global information system , thus possibly undermining or modifying the socio-cultural impact of the parents on the child

The research will attempt to deal with these and other issues pertinent to Vygotsky ‘s theories and will hopefully be able to arrive at some fresh perspectives on the subject

2 . Lev Vygotsky

Vygotsky was born into an affluent Russian family on November 5 , 1896 in a small town in Belorussia . His father was a departmental head with a large bank and the large family of eight children was looked after by his mother . Vygotsky ‘s mother was a remarkable lady and gave up her job as teacher to pay attention to her large family . Vygotsky completed his primary studies at home and went to school only at the secondary level He proved to be a brilliant student but was stopped from studying philosophy , a subject of deep interest , because of his religion . He joined a course in medicine but soon left it to study… [banner_entry_footer]

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