. Was northern Nguni state building primarily a result of internal or
Nguni State Building
The nineteenth century is extremely notable for Africa as a result of the revolutionary processes that ended up in the formation of new states . By the finishing of the eighteenth century , the settlement patterns were well established in Africa . Language differences are the popular markers of the cultural and political identity among Africans Africans who lived in the territory had two major language sub-divisions – Bantu and Khoisan . The Bantu language group further had two sub-divisions which were the Nguni and the Sotho . The Nguni was also further divided [banner_entry_middle]
as Northern and Southern Nguni . It is important to note that the language and cultural labels of Zulu , Swati and Ndebele of Northern Nguni were new labels that were formed out of nineteenth century history
Northern Nguni had been formed as four major centralized kingdoms by the by the closing of the eighteenth century . The kingdoms were the Ngwane of Sobhuza , the Mthethwa of Dingiswayo , the Ndwandwe of Zwide , and the Qwabe . According to the some historians , conflicts between the Ndwandwe the Mthethwa , and the Ngwane became intense by the beginning of the nineteenth century and resulted in the speeding up of the process of state formation
Some historians like Julian Cobbing , however , discredited the belief that the internally-generated happenings of political change underlay the battles and migrations happened in the 1820s and 30s . According to them , these wars and migrations were the result of the increasing demand for African Slaves by European traders and settlers . Trade was also found to be responsible for the migrations , political changes and the state building activities of provinces like Northern Nguni . They were of the opinion that the self-generated internal revolution was least responsible for the state building activity in Northern Nguni . Instead they found some other external causes like the slave trade as the reason for the state building activity in Northern Nguni territory . Moreover the white penetrations into the Southern African provinces in the early years of the nineteenth century were also found to have terrible influences on the African societies . This influenced the state building processes in Northern Nguni and other states… [banner_entry_footer]
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