Essay Title: 

World History

March 24, 2016 | Author: | Posted in philosophy, social sciences

Of all the innovations that Europe experienced in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries , the most influential was intellectual transformation that we refer to as the scientific revolution . It must be noticed that precisely because there was a revolution , a lot of intellectuals still ignored or opposed the change going on around them The key point of what happened in the seventeenth century was new discovery , scientists were able to break away from the classical tradition and make their own findings

In Italy , Galileo Galilei first applied the telescope and microscope to [banner_entry_middle]

scientific work and experimented with them . He showed that the improvement of investigatory instruments made the technical advance possible . On the basis of his own observations , he accepted the conclusion of Copernicus that the earth moved around the sun and not vice versa . He proved experimentally that Aristotle had committed an error in saying that heavy bodies would fall in a vacuum more rapidly than light bodies . In other words , he moved toward a proper understanding of gravity . For Galileo made it impossible to believe in the old theory about earth as center of universe he was brought before the Italian inquisition as a potential heretic . Yet his achievements were vital to further astronomical knowledge . Galileo ‘s empirical work only confirmed that there were new ways of getting at truth , and this was really the foundation of the scientific revolution

A slightly different approach was taken by Ryny Descartes , also in the early seventeenth century . He made major strides in developing mathematics . Ultimately , the mathematical approach , combined with greater empiricism , such as Galileo ‘s , produced the modern scientific method , deduction . The third figure is Francis Bacon , who , like Descartes , made few actual scientific discoveries . He for the first time set forth a philosophy of empiricism . The way to knowledge was not through abstract reasoning , but through repeated experiments which , when they produced a predictable result , represented new truth

The interest in science boomed from the mid-seventeenth century onward The scientific revolution made a considerable break with the medieval-Renaissance approach to knowledge . Galileo , Bacon , and Descartes displayed a mutual scorn for received knowledge . What had previously been said about the physical universe , needed to be re-reasoned , according to Descartes , or exposed to direct experimentation , according to Galileo and Bacon

The later seventeenth century saw steady advance in scientific knowledge . The gains in biology were great . Microscopes allowed new knowledge of invisible , unicellular organisms . The knowledge in medicine was actively accumulated through medical practice : microscopic anatomy the circulation of blood , inoculation and vaccination , and so on . The powerful breakthrough in chemistry also occurred in the seventeenth century . The discovery of oxygen , causative relation between oxygen and burning , water formula , and many other discoveries led to the important conclusion that the world consisted of mixtures ‘ of basic elements The great developments in astronomy and physics became the basis for calling what happened an intellectual revolution . Advances from Copernicus and Galileo accrued steadily , as observation showed elliptical instead of circular orbits of planets… [banner_entry_footer]

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